Metascience: Guidelines for the Practitioner

John R. Turner, H. Quincy Brown, David L. Passmore, Kim Nimon, Rose Baker, Shinhee Jeong, Candace Flatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Problem: The trend in current research is to seek a statistically significant finding, one that provides a p value less than a predetermined alpha. Unfortunately, a large number of research studies have been identified as being nonreplicable along with having other shortcomings (low power, improper methodology, poor sample size) that reduce the rigor of a study’s research findings. Additional techniques are needed beyond relying solely on a p value. The Solution: This article presents recommendations that Human Resource Development (HRD) scholars and scholar-practitioners can implement to improve the rigor of the discipline’s research and practice. This article also provides guidelines (higher power, meta-analyses, low bias in large studies) of how to best avoid producing nonreplicability studies along with recommendations for the larger field, in this instance for scholars and scholar-practitioners in the social sciences. The Stakeholders: Scholars, scholar-practitioners, employees, and researchers who are impacted by changes in their environment due to less-than rigorous evidence-based research findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-512
Number of pages10
JournalAdvances in Developing Human Resources
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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