Metastasis suppressor 1 (MTSS1) has been shown to be a metastasis suppressor in a number of cancers. However, its role in lung adenocarcinoma is largely unknown. To evaluate the significance of MTSS1 expression on lung adenocarcinoma metastatic properties, the gain or loss of MTSS1 in in vivo and in vitro experiments were employed. Using an in vivo orthotopic mouse xenograft model mimicking human disease progression, stable overexpression of MTSS1 in lung adenocarcinoma cells resulted in a significant decrease in metastatic burden. Stable overexpression of MTSS1 in NCI-H1299 decreased in vitro lung adenocarcinoma invasion and migration while knockdown of MTSS1 in A549 resulted in a significant increase in cell invasion and migration. Using The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset of over 500 patient lung adenocarcinoma specimens, we demonstrated a 20% increase in 5-year survival associated with preserved intratumoral MTSS expression. MTSS1 expression in lung adenocarcinoma is associated with decreased metastatic burden, as assessed by an in vivo orthotopic model, and correlates with a 20% survival advantage at 5 years following diagnosis. In vitro data suggests MTSS1 regulates lung adenocarcinoma through augmentation of cell invasion and migration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research