This study compared the following three widely used approaches to the assessment of depression in an alcoholic sample: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) diagnosis derived from the National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule (NIMH-DIS), the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Depression scale (MMPI D), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The number of subjects who were diagnosed as 'depressed' varied considerably according to the method used. The MMPI D scale classified the largest number of alcoholics as depressed (62%), followed by the BDI (54%), and the DSM-III (27%). The MMPI and the BDI were highly correlated, but both showed only a modest relationship with the DSM-III. Possible explanations for these findings are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health