Methodologies for strengthening informal indigenous vegetable seed systems in northern Thailand and Cambodia

A. Bicksler, R. Bates, R. Burnette, T. Gill, L. Meitzner Yoder, V. Ricciardi, Y. Srigiofun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Informal seed systems provide access to locally-adapted indigenous crops and constitute an essential component of sustainable production for resource-poor farmers in Southeast Asia. Research conducted with five ethno-linguistic groups in 12 villages in northern Thailand and Cambodia focuses on strengthening the indigenous informal vegetable seed system, including the conservation of knowledge surrounding that system. Through targeted village surveys and using photo card sorts to standardize responses across languages, our methodology documents and characterizes seed system species, pathways, and "germplasm gatekeepers" for indigenous annual and perennial vegetable crops important to northern Thailand hilltribe and Khmer communities. Additionally, farmer-innovated seed preservation and storage methodologies are documented, and farmer-saved seeds are tested using a village-based photovoltaic-powered growth chamber to determine baseline seed viability and vigor under local conditions. At the culmination of research in village clusters, seed and information exchange events occur that facilitate the inter-village exchange, preservation and dissemination of important genetic resources and best practices for seed saving and storage methodologies identified during the farmer community surveys. This research, which was completed in eight northern Thai villages and in four Cambodian villages, helped to build important linkages between under-represented Southeast Asia farmers of diverse ethnicities, a local innovative seed bank (ECHO Asia Impact Center), and a local university extension training system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationI International Symposium on Sustainable Vegetable Production in Southeast Asa
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages67-74
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9789066055353
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 2012

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume958
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

Fingerprint

Cambodia
Thailand
villages
vegetables
seeds
farmers
South East Asia
methodology
limited resource farmers
seed exchange
seed collecting
solar energy
seed storage
information exchange
vegetable crops
buried seeds
nationalities and ethnic groups
genetic resources
growth chambers
linkage (genetics)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Bicksler, A., Bates, R., Burnette, R., Gill, T., Meitzner Yoder, L., Ricciardi, V., & Srigiofun, Y. (2012). Methodologies for strengthening informal indigenous vegetable seed systems in northern Thailand and Cambodia. In I International Symposium on Sustainable Vegetable Production in Southeast Asa (pp. 67-74). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 958). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.958.6
Bicksler, A. ; Bates, R. ; Burnette, R. ; Gill, T. ; Meitzner Yoder, L. ; Ricciardi, V. ; Srigiofun, Y. / Methodologies for strengthening informal indigenous vegetable seed systems in northern Thailand and Cambodia. I International Symposium on Sustainable Vegetable Production in Southeast Asa. International Society for Horticultural Science, 2012. pp. 67-74 (Acta Horticulturae).
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abstract = "Informal seed systems provide access to locally-adapted indigenous crops and constitute an essential component of sustainable production for resource-poor farmers in Southeast Asia. Research conducted with five ethno-linguistic groups in 12 villages in northern Thailand and Cambodia focuses on strengthening the indigenous informal vegetable seed system, including the conservation of knowledge surrounding that system. Through targeted village surveys and using photo card sorts to standardize responses across languages, our methodology documents and characterizes seed system species, pathways, and {"}germplasm gatekeepers{"} for indigenous annual and perennial vegetable crops important to northern Thailand hilltribe and Khmer communities. Additionally, farmer-innovated seed preservation and storage methodologies are documented, and farmer-saved seeds are tested using a village-based photovoltaic-powered growth chamber to determine baseline seed viability and vigor under local conditions. At the culmination of research in village clusters, seed and information exchange events occur that facilitate the inter-village exchange, preservation and dissemination of important genetic resources and best practices for seed saving and storage methodologies identified during the farmer community surveys. This research, which was completed in eight northern Thai villages and in four Cambodian villages, helped to build important linkages between under-represented Southeast Asia farmers of diverse ethnicities, a local innovative seed bank (ECHO Asia Impact Center), and a local university extension training system.",
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Bicksler, A, Bates, R, Burnette, R, Gill, T, Meitzner Yoder, L, Ricciardi, V & Srigiofun, Y 2012, Methodologies for strengthening informal indigenous vegetable seed systems in northern Thailand and Cambodia. in I International Symposium on Sustainable Vegetable Production in Southeast Asa. Acta Horticulturae, vol. 958, International Society for Horticultural Science, pp. 67-74. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.958.6

Methodologies for strengthening informal indigenous vegetable seed systems in northern Thailand and Cambodia. / Bicksler, A.; Bates, R.; Burnette, R.; Gill, T.; Meitzner Yoder, L.; Ricciardi, V.; Srigiofun, Y.

I International Symposium on Sustainable Vegetable Production in Southeast Asa. International Society for Horticultural Science, 2012. p. 67-74 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 958).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Bicksler A, Bates R, Burnette R, Gill T, Meitzner Yoder L, Ricciardi V et al. Methodologies for strengthening informal indigenous vegetable seed systems in northern Thailand and Cambodia. In I International Symposium on Sustainable Vegetable Production in Southeast Asa. International Society for Horticultural Science. 2012. p. 67-74. (Acta Horticulturae). https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.958.6