The basic principles and experimental methods for application of infrared vibrational spectroscopy applied to characterization of surfaces and thin films are reviewed. The emphasis is on how the fundamental principles of electromagnetic radiation at interfaces dictate the experimental setups and underlie the strategies for making quantitative interpretations of the data. The discussion is directed to a broad range of applications from ultrahigh vacuum studies to the liquid/solid interface.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films