Micro-hollow glow discharge plasma identification of volatile organic compounds

Randy Lee Vander Wal, Jane Hitomi Fujiyama-Novak, Chethan Gaddam Kumar, Debanjan Das, Das Aditya, Bernard Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Glow discharge plasmas have a long-standing analytical history as large, stand-alone laboratory scale instruments. In contrast the physical scaling permit microplasma operation at atmospheric pressure while reducing power requirements, thereby permitting mobile analysis. The energetic species in a nonthermal, i.e. "cold" plasma dissociates species of interest and electronically excites the elemental constituents. The atomic emission spectrum serves to identify the compound and ideally its molecular composition with intensity corresponding to concentration. For some operational regimes and species, emission from OH*, CH* and often C2* diatomic radicals is also produced. Such emission further aids compound detection and identification. Detection and identification of acetone, ethanol, heptane, toluene, and nitrobenzene are demonstrated. Limits of detection extend to parts-per-billion levels for some species such as nitrobenzene. Results will be shown for differentiation of classes of organic compounds such as alkanes, aromatics and oxygenates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
StatePublished - Aug 25 2011
Event241st ACS National Meeting and Exposition - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 27 2011Mar 31 2011

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Volatile Organic Compounds
Nitrobenzene
Glow discharges
Volatile organic compounds
Instrument scales
Plasma Gases
Plasmas
Heptanes
Alkanes
Toluene
Heptane
Acetone
Organic compounds
Paraffins
Atmospheric pressure
Ethanol
Chemical analysis
nitrobenzene

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Vander Wal, R. L., Hitomi Fujiyama-Novak, J., Gaddam Kumar, C., Das, D., Aditya, D., & Ward, B. (2011). Micro-hollow glow discharge plasma identification of volatile organic compounds. ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts.
Vander Wal, Randy Lee ; Hitomi Fujiyama-Novak, Jane ; Gaddam Kumar, Chethan ; Das, Debanjan ; Aditya, Das ; Ward, Bernard. / Micro-hollow glow discharge plasma identification of volatile organic compounds. In: ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 2011.
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Micro-hollow glow discharge plasma identification of volatile organic compounds. / Vander Wal, Randy Lee; Hitomi Fujiyama-Novak, Jane; Gaddam Kumar, Chethan; Das, Debanjan; Aditya, Das; Ward, Bernard.

In: ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, 25.08.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Micro-hollow glow discharge plasma identification of volatile organic compounds

AU - Vander Wal, Randy Lee

AU - Hitomi Fujiyama-Novak, Jane

AU - Gaddam Kumar, Chethan

AU - Das, Debanjan

AU - Aditya, Das

AU - Ward, Bernard

PY - 2011/8/25

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AB - Glow discharge plasmas have a long-standing analytical history as large, stand-alone laboratory scale instruments. In contrast the physical scaling permit microplasma operation at atmospheric pressure while reducing power requirements, thereby permitting mobile analysis. The energetic species in a nonthermal, i.e. "cold" plasma dissociates species of interest and electronically excites the elemental constituents. The atomic emission spectrum serves to identify the compound and ideally its molecular composition with intensity corresponding to concentration. For some operational regimes and species, emission from OH*, CH* and often C2* diatomic radicals is also produced. Such emission further aids compound detection and identification. Detection and identification of acetone, ethanol, heptane, toluene, and nitrobenzene are demonstrated. Limits of detection extend to parts-per-billion levels for some species such as nitrobenzene. Results will be shown for differentiation of classes of organic compounds such as alkanes, aromatics and oxygenates.

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