Micro machining glass with poly crystalline diamond tools shaped by micro electro discharge machining

Chris J. Morgan, R. Ryan Vallance, Eric R. Marsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

Brittle materials are difficult to mechanically micro machine due to damage resulting from material removal by brittle fracture, cutting force-induced tool deflection or breakage and tool wear. This paper demonstrates the feasibility of micro machining glass materials with polycrystalline diamond (PCD) micro tools that are prepared in a variety of shapes using non-contact micro electro discharge machining. The PCD tools contain randomly distributed sharp protrusions of diamond with dimensions around l μm that serve as cutting edges for micro machining grooves in soda-lime glass and pockets in ultra-low expansion glass. Results indicate that smooth surfaces are obtained with process conditions allowing material removal by ductile regime cutting instead of brittle fractures, and the PCD tools show very little wear. With further improvements in material removal rate, micro machining with PCD tools is a promising approach for producing micro molds and micro fluidic devices in glass materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1687-1692
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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