A new and simplified approach for making cathodes for microbial fuel cells (MFCs) was developed by using metal mesh current collectors and inexpensive polymer/carbon diffusion layers (DLs). We constructed the cathode around the metal mesh itself, thereby avoiding the need for the carbon cloth or other supporting material. A base layer of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and carbon black was applied to the air-side of stainless steel mesh, and Pt on carbon black with Nafion binder was applied to the solution-side as catalyst for oxygen reduction. Multiple PDMS/carbon layers were applied in order to optimize the performance of the cathode. Two PDMS/carbon layers achieved the highest maximum power density of 1610 ± 56 mW/m2 (47.0 ± 1.6 W/m3), with coulombic efficiency of 15-67%. These findings demonstrate that cathodes can be constructed around metal mesh materials such as stainless steel, and that an inexpensive coating of PDMS can be used for diffusion layer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2010|
|Event||239th ACS National Meeting and Exposition - San Francisco, CA, United States|
Duration: Mar 21 2010 → Mar 25 2010
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)