Microphone array analysis methods using cross-correlations

Matthew Brandon Rhudy, Brian Bucci, Jeffrey Vipperman, Jeffrey Allanach, Bruce Abraham

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Due to civilian noise complaints and damage claims, there is a need to establish an accurate record of impulse noise generated at military installations. Current noise monitoring systems are susceptible to false positive detection of impulse events due to wind noise. In order to analyze the characteristics of noise events, multiple channel data methods were investigated. A microphone array was used to collect four channel data of military impulse noise and wind noise. These data were then analyzed using cross-correlation functions to characterize the input waveforms. Four different analyses of microphone array data are presented. A new value, the min peak correlation coefficient, is defined as a measure of the likelihood that a given waveform originated from a correlated noise source. Using a sound source localization technique, the angle of incidence of the noise source can be calculated. A method was also developed to combine the four individual microphone channels into one. This method aimed to preserve the correlated part of the overall signal, while minimizing the effects of uncorrected noise, such as wind. Lastly, a statistical method called the acoustic likelihood test is presented as a method of determining if a signal is correlated or not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2009, IMECE 2009
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Pages281-288
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780791843888
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Event2009 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2009 - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: Nov 13 2009Nov 19 2009

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings
Volume15

Other

Other2009 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2009
CountryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL
Period11/13/0911/19/09

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

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