Microscopic Investigation of Chemoselectivity in Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 Heterotrimer Formation: Mechanistic Insights and Implications for Controlling High-Order Hybrid Nanoparticle Morphology

James M. Hodges, James R. Morse, Mary Elizabeth Williams, Raymond E. Schaak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three-component hybrid nanoparticle heterotrimers, which are important multifunctional constructs that underpin diverse applications, are commonly synthesized by growing a third domain off of a two-component heterodimer seed. However, because heterodimer seeds expose two distinct surfaces that often can both support nucleation and growth, selectively targeting one particular surface is critical for exclusively accessing a desired configuration. Understanding and controlling nucleation and growth therefore enables the rational formation of high-order hybrid nanoparticles. Here, we report an in-depth microscopic investigation that probes the chemoselective addition of Ag to Pt-Fe3O4 heterodimer seeds to form Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 heterotrimers. We find that the formation of the Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 heterotrimers initiates with indiscriminate Ag nucleation onto both the Pt and Fe3O4 surfaces of Pt-Fe3O4, followed by surface diffusion and coalescence of Ag onto the Pt surface to form the Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 product. Control experiments reveal that the size of the Ag domain of Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 correlates with the overall surface area of the Pt-Fe3O4 seeds, which is consistent with the coalescence of Ag through a surface-mediated process and can also be exploited to tune the size of the Ag domain. Additionally, we observe that small iron oxide islands on the Pt surface of the Pt-Fe3O4 seeds, deposited during the formation of Pt-Fe3O4, define the morphology of the Ag domain, which in turn influences its optical properties. These results provide unprecedented microscopic insights into the pathway by which Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 heterotrimer nanoparticles form and uncover new design guidelines for the synthesis of high-order hybrid nanoparticles with precisely targeted morphologies and properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15493-15500
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume137
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 16 2015

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Nanoparticles
Seeds
Seed
Nucleation
Coalescence
Growth
Islands
Surface diffusion
Guidelines
Iron oxides
Optical properties
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Catalysis
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Microscopic Investigation of Chemoselectivity in Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 Heterotrimer Formation: Mechanistic Insights and Implications for Controlling High-Order Hybrid Nanoparticle Morphology",
abstract = "Three-component hybrid nanoparticle heterotrimers, which are important multifunctional constructs that underpin diverse applications, are commonly synthesized by growing a third domain off of a two-component heterodimer seed. However, because heterodimer seeds expose two distinct surfaces that often can both support nucleation and growth, selectively targeting one particular surface is critical for exclusively accessing a desired configuration. Understanding and controlling nucleation and growth therefore enables the rational formation of high-order hybrid nanoparticles. Here, we report an in-depth microscopic investigation that probes the chemoselective addition of Ag to Pt-Fe3O4 heterodimer seeds to form Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 heterotrimers. We find that the formation of the Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 heterotrimers initiates with indiscriminate Ag nucleation onto both the Pt and Fe3O4 surfaces of Pt-Fe3O4, followed by surface diffusion and coalescence of Ag onto the Pt surface to form the Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 product. Control experiments reveal that the size of the Ag domain of Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 correlates with the overall surface area of the Pt-Fe3O4 seeds, which is consistent with the coalescence of Ag through a surface-mediated process and can also be exploited to tune the size of the Ag domain. Additionally, we observe that small iron oxide islands on the Pt surface of the Pt-Fe3O4 seeds, deposited during the formation of Pt-Fe3O4, define the morphology of the Ag domain, which in turn influences its optical properties. These results provide unprecedented microscopic insights into the pathway by which Ag-Pt-Fe3O4 heterotrimer nanoparticles form and uncover new design guidelines for the synthesis of high-order hybrid nanoparticles with precisely targeted morphologies and properties.",
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T2 - Mechanistic Insights and Implications for Controlling High-Order Hybrid Nanoparticle Morphology

AU - Hodges, James M.

AU - Morse, James R.

AU - Williams, Mary Elizabeth

AU - Schaak, Raymond E.

PY - 2015/12/16

Y1 - 2015/12/16

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