We have studied the microstructures and ferroelectric properties of Mn O2 -doped bismuth-layered (Ca,Sr) Bi4 Ti4 O15 (CSBTM). The piezoelectric coefficient, dielectric loss, mechanical quality factor, and the P-E hysteresis loop measurements indicate that Mn ions entered both the A and B sites of the pseudoperovskite-layered structure, creating "soft" and "hard" doping effects simultaneously. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersion spectroscopy showed that the platelike grains in CSBTM ceramics become larger with the increase of Mn O2 additive, and Mn ions are found inside the grains as well as in the grain boundaries. The lattice parameter, room-temperature dielectric constant, and the Curie temperature do not vary with Mn O2 additive. We conclude that the Mn3+ ions play a critical role in the effects of soft and hard behaviors since it can enter both the A and B sites of the perovskite structure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)