This paper demonstrates the production of (001)-oriented CuO-doped (Ko.476Nao.s24)NbO3 (KNN) piezoelectric ceramics with a polymorphic phase transition (PPT) temperature greater than 180 °C by templated grain growth (TGG) using high aspect ratio NaNbO template particles. A novel (to the KNN system) two-step sintering and annealing process combined with CuO doping is demonstrated to improve density and maximize texture quality (F001 = 99% and rocking curve FWHM = 6.9°) in textured KNN ceramics. The best electromechanical properties (kp 0.58, k31 0.33, d 33 146 pC/N, To-t 183 °C, Tc415 Deg;C, Er = 202, and tan S = 0.016) are achieved in 1 mol% CuO-doped KNN with Foot = 99% and a relative density of 96.3%. The values of d33, Kp, and K31 are 70-90% higher than randomly oriented ceramics and are obtained without a significant reduction in the PPT temperature, resulting in stable piezoelectric performance over a wide temperature range (-50 to 180 °C). These results show that high-quality textured KNN can be obtained by TGG and that a reactive matrix is unnecessary.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering