Microwave air plasma supersonic hydrocarbon combustion enhancement experiments

S. G. Chianese, K. K. Fisher, M. M. Micci

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Short combustion chamber residence times for supersonic fuel-air mixtures has made using hydrocarbon fuels in SCRAMjet engines challenging. To use hydrocarbon fuels, hydrocarbon-air lean flammability limits and flame speeds must be extended. Injecting air plasmas into the combustion zone can do this. For this investigation, 1 kW of 2.45 Ghz electromagnetic energy was input into a resonant cavity to create free-floating plasmas. Spectroscopic studies were conducted to determine the constituents of nitrogen, oxygen, and air plasmas. Nitrogen plasmas were dominated by ionized molecular nitrogen. Oxygen and air plasmas in the chamber were dominated by excited neutral molecular oxygen and ionized molecular oxygen. The air plasma plumes emitted black body radiation at approximately 10, 000 K, and consisted of approximately 75% atomic nitrogen, 20% atomic oxygen, 2.05% free electrons, 1.8% ionized atomic nitrogen, 0.4% molecular nitrogen, 0.23% ionized atomic oxygen, 0.01% nitric oxide, and.009% ionized nitric oxide. The ionic molecules in air plasmas react with fuel and air molecules between five and eight orders of magnitude faster than neutral molecules typically found in combustion processes. These results indicate injecting microwave air plasmas into hydrocarbon fuel-air combustion systems can increase the flame speeds and extend the lean flammability limits significantly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001
Event37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2001 - Salt Lake City, UT, United States
Duration: Jul 8 2001Jul 11 2001

Other

Other37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2001
CountryUnited States
CitySalt Lake City, UT
Period7/8/017/11/01

Fingerprint

Hydrocarbons
Microwaves
Plasmas
Air
Experiments
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Molecular oxygen
Nitric oxide
Flammability
Molecules
Nitrogen plasma
Cavity resonators
Combustion chambers
Electromagnetic waves
Engines
Radiation
Electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Chianese, S. G., Fisher, K. K., & Micci, M. M. (2001). Microwave air plasma supersonic hydrocarbon combustion enhancement experiments. Paper presented at 37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2001, Salt Lake City, UT, United States.
Chianese, S. G. ; Fisher, K. K. ; Micci, M. M. / Microwave air plasma supersonic hydrocarbon combustion enhancement experiments. Paper presented at 37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2001, Salt Lake City, UT, United States.
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Chianese, SG, Fisher, KK & Micci, MM 2001, 'Microwave air plasma supersonic hydrocarbon combustion enhancement experiments' Paper presented at 37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2001, Salt Lake City, UT, United States, 7/8/01 - 7/11/01, .

Microwave air plasma supersonic hydrocarbon combustion enhancement experiments. / Chianese, S. G.; Fisher, K. K.; Micci, M. M.

2001. Paper presented at 37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2001, Salt Lake City, UT, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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N2 - Short combustion chamber residence times for supersonic fuel-air mixtures has made using hydrocarbon fuels in SCRAMjet engines challenging. To use hydrocarbon fuels, hydrocarbon-air lean flammability limits and flame speeds must be extended. Injecting air plasmas into the combustion zone can do this. For this investigation, 1 kW of 2.45 Ghz electromagnetic energy was input into a resonant cavity to create free-floating plasmas. Spectroscopic studies were conducted to determine the constituents of nitrogen, oxygen, and air plasmas. Nitrogen plasmas were dominated by ionized molecular nitrogen. Oxygen and air plasmas in the chamber were dominated by excited neutral molecular oxygen and ionized molecular oxygen. The air plasma plumes emitted black body radiation at approximately 10, 000 K, and consisted of approximately 75% atomic nitrogen, 20% atomic oxygen, 2.05% free electrons, 1.8% ionized atomic nitrogen, 0.4% molecular nitrogen, 0.23% ionized atomic oxygen, 0.01% nitric oxide, and.009% ionized nitric oxide. The ionic molecules in air plasmas react with fuel and air molecules between five and eight orders of magnitude faster than neutral molecules typically found in combustion processes. These results indicate injecting microwave air plasmas into hydrocarbon fuel-air combustion systems can increase the flame speeds and extend the lean flammability limits significantly.

AB - Short combustion chamber residence times for supersonic fuel-air mixtures has made using hydrocarbon fuels in SCRAMjet engines challenging. To use hydrocarbon fuels, hydrocarbon-air lean flammability limits and flame speeds must be extended. Injecting air plasmas into the combustion zone can do this. For this investigation, 1 kW of 2.45 Ghz electromagnetic energy was input into a resonant cavity to create free-floating plasmas. Spectroscopic studies were conducted to determine the constituents of nitrogen, oxygen, and air plasmas. Nitrogen plasmas were dominated by ionized molecular nitrogen. Oxygen and air plasmas in the chamber were dominated by excited neutral molecular oxygen and ionized molecular oxygen. The air plasma plumes emitted black body radiation at approximately 10, 000 K, and consisted of approximately 75% atomic nitrogen, 20% atomic oxygen, 2.05% free electrons, 1.8% ionized atomic nitrogen, 0.4% molecular nitrogen, 0.23% ionized atomic oxygen, 0.01% nitric oxide, and.009% ionized nitric oxide. The ionic molecules in air plasmas react with fuel and air molecules between five and eight orders of magnitude faster than neutral molecules typically found in combustion processes. These results indicate injecting microwave air plasmas into hydrocarbon fuel-air combustion systems can increase the flame speeds and extend the lean flammability limits significantly.

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Chianese SG, Fisher KK, Micci MM. Microwave air plasma supersonic hydrocarbon combustion enhancement experiments. 2001. Paper presented at 37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2001, Salt Lake City, UT, United States.