Microwave heating of infant formula: A dilemma resolved

M. Sigman-Grant, G. Bush, Ramaswamy C. Anantheswaran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microwave heating of infant formula is a common practice despite concerns of infant scalding. Beyond the issue of physical safety, little is known about the effects on nutrient content of microwave heating of infant formula. Casein-predominant infant formula in 120- and 240-mL glass and plastic nursing bottles of varying colors were heated for 40 seconds and 60 seconds, respectively. Temperature profiling was monitored during the heating cycle. Analysis of riboflavin and vitamin C was made prior to and after heating. Topmost portions reached a mean temperature of 44.7 ± 1.7°C and 43.0 ± 2.4°C for all types of 240-mL and 120-mL bottles, respectively. Topmost temperatures were significantly hotter than temperatures reached at other sites. Routine mixing resulted in formula temperatures which could safely be fed to infants (35.4 ± 0.3°C and 33.9 ± 0.2°C for 240-mL and 120-mL bottles, respectively). There was no significant loss of either riboflavin or vitamin C. Protocols for microwave heating are given.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)412-415
Number of pages4
JournalPediatrics
Volume90
Issue number3 I
StatePublished - Sep 23 1992

Fingerprint

Infant Formula
Microwaves
Heating
Temperature
Riboflavin
Ascorbic Acid
Caseins
Plastics
Glass
Nursing
Color
Hot Temperature
Safety
Food

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Sigman-Grant, M. ; Bush, G. ; Anantheswaran, Ramaswamy C. / Microwave heating of infant formula : A dilemma resolved. In: Pediatrics. 1992 ; Vol. 90, No. 3 I. pp. 412-415.
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Sigman-Grant, M, Bush, G & Anantheswaran, RC 1992, 'Microwave heating of infant formula: A dilemma resolved', Pediatrics, vol. 90, no. 3 I, pp. 412-415.

Microwave heating of infant formula : A dilemma resolved. / Sigman-Grant, M.; Bush, G.; Anantheswaran, Ramaswamy C.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 90, No. 3 I, 23.09.1992, p. 412-415.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Sigman-Grant M, Bush G, Anantheswaran RC. Microwave heating of infant formula: A dilemma resolved. Pediatrics. 1992 Sep 23;90(3 I):412-415.