Microwave-hydrothermal/solvothermal synthesis of kesterite, an emerging photovoltaic material

Xinlong Yan, Elizabeth Michael, Sridhar Komarneni, Jeffrey Brownson, Zi Feng Yan

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18 Scopus citations


Rapid synthesis of kesterite (Cu2ZnSnS4), an emerging photovoltaic material was achieved by microwave-hydrothermal/solvothermal (M-H/S) process. Conventional-hydrothermal (C-H) process was also used for comparison with M-H/S process. The synthesized kesterite samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron diffraction and UV-vis spectroscopy. Nanophase kesterite, which is potentially suitable for coating was synthesized in ethylene glycol. Band gap values were calculated from UV-vis spectra of several synthetic kesterites and these values are close to the reported values for kesterite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1985-1992
Number of pages8
JournalCeramics International
Issue number1 PART B
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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