The effect of microwave irradiation on the reversible desorption reaction in sodium aluminum hydride (NaAlH4) is explored. NaAlH4 is doped with 2 mol% TiCl2 and pre-activated by high energy ball milling and aging to show the presence of metallic aluminum phase. As a catalyst, Ti2+ has been used to improve desorption kinetics in sodium alanate. X-ray diffraction was performed on the samples exposed to microwave irradiation for 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 min. Results show that when the powders show the presence of aluminum, a steady increase in the formation of the hexahydride (Na3AlH6) phase and Al occurs during microwave irradiation; and is accompanied by a steady reduction in the NaAlH4 phase XRD peak (h k l) intensities. This data suggests that microwave irradiation drives the reversible H2 desorption reaction in NaAlH4. NaAlH4 doped with 2 mol% TiCl2 which does not show the presence of Al phase, undergoes a reduction in NaAlH4 peak intensities with increasing microwave exposure (and no reversible product phases are detected in this case). Dielectric studies on NaAlH4 indicate that microwave penetration is low. Therefore, it is proposed that microwave irradiation heating of the Al particulate phase is responsible for the hydrogen desorption reaction pathway which is similar to that of conventional heating.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry