Microwave synthesis of phase-pure, fine silicon carbide powder

L. N. Satapathy, P. D. Ramesh, Dinesh Agrawal, Rustum Roy

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Fine, monophasic silicon carbide powder has been synthesized by direct solid-state reaction of its constituents namely silicon and carbon in a 2.45 GHz microwave field. Optimum parameters for the silicon carbide phase formation have been determined by varying reaction time and reaction temperature. The powders have been characterized for their particle size, surface area, phase composition (X-ray diffraction) and morphology (scanning electron microscope). Formation of phase-pure silicon carbide can be achieved at 1300 °C in less than 5 min of microwave exposure, resulting in sub-micron-sized particles. The free energy values for Si + C → SiC reaction were calculated for different temperatures and by comparing them with the experimental results, it was determined that phase-pure silicon carbide can be achieved at around 1135 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1871-1882
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 6 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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