Mid-Cretaceous strontium-isotope stratigraphy of deep-sea sections

T. J. Bralower, P. D. Fullagar, C. K. Paull, G. S. Dwyer, R. M. Leckie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

148 Scopus citations

Abstract

Large variations exist between published mid-Cretaceous (late Barremian to early Turonian stages) seawater Sr-isotope stratigraphies; this has resulted in disparate interpretations of crustal production rates. We report on a detailed investigation of seawater Sr-isotope stratigraphy based on foraminifers and, where available, on inoceramid bivalves from 12 mid-Cretaceous Deep Sea Drilling Project and Ocean Drilling Program sections. The effects of diagenesis are assessed using scanning electron microscope observations and traceelemental analyses, but are best distinguished by comparing the 87Sr/86Sr values of similar-age samples from different sites. Strontiumisotope analyses compiled from 9 of 12 sites that have detailed age control define one band of common values. This band is used as a composite curve, which presumably represents seawater 87Sr/86Sr values. The composite curve shows a "trough" of markedly lower 87Sr/86Sr values in the Aptian and early Albian stages, higher but constant values for the mid-dle Albian-Cenomanian stages, followed by a decrease in 87Sr/86Sr values in the early Turonian. Variations between published mid-Cretaceous Sr-isotope records result from diagenetic alteration, analytical problems, and the diverse biostratigraphic approaches and assumptions used to estimate sample ages. When preexisting age data are made consistent, the composite record shows close similarities with data sets derived from measurements of macrofossils in land sections of Europe and North America. The interval of decreased 87Sr/86Sr values in the Aptian-Albian stages overlaps with the pulse of mid-plate volcanic activity that produced the Ontong Java, Manihiki, and Kerguelen Plateaus. The exact age and the shape of the trough, however, are consistent with increased spreading rates at oceanic ridges, given the existing data on the timing of mid-plate volcanic activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1421-1442
Number of pages22
JournalBulletin of the Geological Society of America
Volume109
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

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