Milagro limits and HAWC sensitivity for the rate-density of evaporating Primordial Black Holes

A. A. Abdo, A. U. Abeysekara, R. Alfaro, B. T. Allen, C. Alvarez, J. D. Álvarez, R. Arceo, J. C. Arteaga-Velázquez, T. Aune, H. A. Ayala Solares, A. S. Barber, B. M. Baughman, N. Bautista-Elivar, J. Becerra Gonzalez, E. Belmont, S. Y. Benzvi, D. Berley, M. Bonilla Rosales, J. Braun, R. A. Caballero-LopezK. S. Caballero-Mora, A. Carramiñana, M. Castillo, G. E. Christopher, U. Cotti, J. Cotzomi, E. De La Fuente, C. De León, T. Deyoung, R. Diaz Hernandez, L. Diaz-Cruz, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, B. L. Dingus, M. A. Duvernois, R. W. Ellsworth, D. W. Fiorino, N. Fraija, A. Galindo, F. Garfias, M. M. González, J. A. Goodman, V. Grabski, M. Gussert, Z. Hampel-Arias, J. P. Harding, E. Hays, C. M. Hoffman, C. M. Hui, P. Hüntemeyer, A. Imran, A. Iriarte, P. Karn, D. Kieda, B. E. Kolterman, G. J. Kunde, A. Lara, R. J. Lauer, W. H. Lee, D. Lennarz, H. León Vargas, E. C. Linares, J. T. Linnemann, M. Longo, R. Luna-Garcia, J. H. Macgibbon, A. Marinelli, S. S. Marinelli, H. Martinez, O. Martinez, J. Martínez-Castro, J. A.J. Matthews, J. McEnery, E. Mendoza Torres, A. I. Mincer, P. Miranda-Romagnoli, E. Moreno, T. Morgan, M. Mostafá, L. Nellen, P. Nemethy, M. Newbold, R. Noriega-Papaqui, T. Oceguera-Becerra, B. Patricelli, R. Pelayo, E. G. Pérez-Pérez, J. Pretz, C. Rivière, D. Rosa-González, E. Ruiz-Velasco, J. Ryan, H. Salazar, F. Salesa, A. Sandoval, P. M. Saz Parkinson, M. Schneider, S. Silich, G. Sinnis, A. J. Smith, D. Stump, K. Sparks Woodle, R. W. Springer, I. Taboada, P. A. Toale, K. Tollefson, I. Torres, T. N. Ukwatta, V. Vasileiou, L. Villaseñor, T. Weisgarber, S. Westerhoff, D. A. Williams, I. G. Wisher, J. Wood, G. B. Yodh, P. W. Younk, D. Zaborov, A. Zepeda, H. Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primordial Black Holes (PBHs) are gravitationally collapsed objects that may have been created by density fluctuations in the early universe and could have arbitrarily small masses down to the Planck scale. Hawking showed that due to quantum effects, a black hole has a temperature inversely proportional to its mass and will emit all species of fundamental particles thermally. PBHs with initial masses of ∼5.0 × 1014 g should be expiring in the present epoch with bursts of high-energy particles, including gamma radiation in the GeV-TeV energy range. The Milagro high energy observatory, which operated from 2000 to 2008, is sensitive to the high end of the PBH evaporation gamma-ray spectrum. Due to its large field-of-view, more than 90% duty cycle and sensitivity up to 100 TeV gamma rays, the Milagro observatory is well suited to perform a search for PBH bursts. Based on a search on the Milagro data, we report new PBH burst rate density upper limits over a range of PBH observation times. In addition, we report the sensitivity of the Milagro successor, the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) observatory, to PBH evaporation events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4-12
Number of pages9
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume64
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2015

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high altitude
sensitivity
water
bursts
observatories
evaporation
gamma rays
gamma ray spectra
particle energy
field of view
universe
time measurement
cycles
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Abdo, A. A., Abeysekara, A. U., Alfaro, R., Allen, B. T., Alvarez, C., Álvarez, J. D., ... Zhou, H. (2015). Milagro limits and HAWC sensitivity for the rate-density of evaporating Primordial Black Holes. Astroparticle Physics, 64, 4-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2014.10.007
Abdo, A. A. ; Abeysekara, A. U. ; Alfaro, R. ; Allen, B. T. ; Alvarez, C. ; Álvarez, J. D. ; Arceo, R. ; Arteaga-Velázquez, J. C. ; Aune, T. ; Ayala Solares, H. A. ; Barber, A. S. ; Baughman, B. M. ; Bautista-Elivar, N. ; Becerra Gonzalez, J. ; Belmont, E. ; Benzvi, S. Y. ; Berley, D. ; Bonilla Rosales, M. ; Braun, J. ; Caballero-Lopez, R. A. ; Caballero-Mora, K. S. ; Carramiñana, A. ; Castillo, M. ; Christopher, G. E. ; Cotti, U. ; Cotzomi, J. ; De La Fuente, E. ; De León, C. ; Deyoung, T. ; Diaz Hernandez, R. ; Diaz-Cruz, L. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dingus, B. L. ; Duvernois, M. A. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Fiorino, D. W. ; Fraija, N. ; Galindo, A. ; Garfias, F. ; González, M. M. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Grabski, V. ; Gussert, M. ; Hampel-Arias, Z. ; Harding, J. P. ; Hays, E. ; Hoffman, C. M. ; Hui, C. M. ; Hüntemeyer, P. ; Imran, A. ; Iriarte, A. ; Karn, P. ; Kieda, D. ; Kolterman, B. E. ; Kunde, G. J. ; Lara, A. ; Lauer, R. J. ; Lee, W. H. ; Lennarz, D. ; León Vargas, H. ; Linares, E. C. ; Linnemann, J. T. ; Longo, M. ; Luna-Garcia, R. ; Macgibbon, J. H. ; Marinelli, A. ; Marinelli, S. S. ; Martinez, H. ; Martinez, O. ; Martínez-Castro, J. ; Matthews, J. A.J. ; McEnery, J. ; Mendoza Torres, E. ; Mincer, A. I. ; Miranda-Romagnoli, P. ; Moreno, E. ; Morgan, T. ; Mostafá, M. ; Nellen, L. ; Nemethy, P. ; Newbold, M. ; Noriega-Papaqui, R. ; Oceguera-Becerra, T. ; Patricelli, B. ; Pelayo, R. ; Pérez-Pérez, E. G. ; Pretz, J. ; Rivière, C. ; Rosa-González, D. ; Ruiz-Velasco, E. ; Ryan, J. ; Salazar, H. ; Salesa, F. ; Sandoval, A. ; Saz Parkinson, P. M. ; Schneider, M. ; Silich, S. ; Sinnis, G. ; Smith, A. J. ; Stump, D. ; Sparks Woodle, K. ; Springer, R. W. ; Taboada, I. ; Toale, P. A. ; Tollefson, K. ; Torres, I. ; Ukwatta, T. N. ; Vasileiou, V. ; Villaseñor, L. ; Weisgarber, T. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Williams, D. A. ; Wisher, I. G. ; Wood, J. ; Yodh, G. B. ; Younk, P. W. ; Zaborov, D. ; Zepeda, A. ; Zhou, H. / Milagro limits and HAWC sensitivity for the rate-density of evaporating Primordial Black Holes. In: Astroparticle Physics. 2015 ; Vol. 64. pp. 4-12.
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abstract = "Primordial Black Holes (PBHs) are gravitationally collapsed objects that may have been created by density fluctuations in the early universe and could have arbitrarily small masses down to the Planck scale. Hawking showed that due to quantum effects, a black hole has a temperature inversely proportional to its mass and will emit all species of fundamental particles thermally. PBHs with initial masses of ∼5.0 × 1014 g should be expiring in the present epoch with bursts of high-energy particles, including gamma radiation in the GeV-TeV energy range. The Milagro high energy observatory, which operated from 2000 to 2008, is sensitive to the high end of the PBH evaporation gamma-ray spectrum. Due to its large field-of-view, more than 90{\%} duty cycle and sensitivity up to 100 TeV gamma rays, the Milagro observatory is well suited to perform a search for PBH bursts. Based on a search on the Milagro data, we report new PBH burst rate density upper limits over a range of PBH observation times. In addition, we report the sensitivity of the Milagro successor, the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) observatory, to PBH evaporation events.",
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Abdo, AA, Abeysekara, AU, Alfaro, R, Allen, BT, Alvarez, C, Álvarez, JD, Arceo, R, Arteaga-Velázquez, JC, Aune, T, Ayala Solares, HA, Barber, AS, Baughman, BM, Bautista-Elivar, N, Becerra Gonzalez, J, Belmont, E, Benzvi, SY, Berley, D, Bonilla Rosales, M, Braun, J, Caballero-Lopez, RA, Caballero-Mora, KS, Carramiñana, A, Castillo, M, Christopher, GE, Cotti, U, Cotzomi, J, De La Fuente, E, De León, C, Deyoung, T, Diaz Hernandez, R, Diaz-Cruz, L, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dingus, BL, Duvernois, MA, Ellsworth, RW, Fiorino, DW, Fraija, N, Galindo, A, Garfias, F, González, MM, Goodman, JA, Grabski, V, Gussert, M, Hampel-Arias, Z, Harding, JP, Hays, E, Hoffman, CM, Hui, CM, Hüntemeyer, P, Imran, A, Iriarte, A, Karn, P, Kieda, D, Kolterman, BE, Kunde, GJ, Lara, A, Lauer, RJ, Lee, WH, Lennarz, D, León Vargas, H, Linares, EC, Linnemann, JT, Longo, M, Luna-Garcia, R, Macgibbon, JH, Marinelli, A, Marinelli, SS, Martinez, H, Martinez, O, Martínez-Castro, J, Matthews, JAJ, McEnery, J, Mendoza Torres, E, Mincer, AI, Miranda-Romagnoli, P, Moreno, E, Morgan, T, Mostafá, M, Nellen, L, Nemethy, P, Newbold, M, Noriega-Papaqui, R, Oceguera-Becerra, T, Patricelli, B, Pelayo, R, Pérez-Pérez, EG, Pretz, J, Rivière, C, Rosa-González, D, Ruiz-Velasco, E, Ryan, J, Salazar, H, Salesa, F, Sandoval, A, Saz Parkinson, PM, Schneider, M, Silich, S, Sinnis, G, Smith, AJ, Stump, D, Sparks Woodle, K, Springer, RW, Taboada, I, Toale, PA, Tollefson, K, Torres, I, Ukwatta, TN, Vasileiou, V, Villaseñor, L, Weisgarber, T, Westerhoff, S, Williams, DA, Wisher, IG, Wood, J, Yodh, GB, Younk, PW, Zaborov, D, Zepeda, A & Zhou, H 2015, 'Milagro limits and HAWC sensitivity for the rate-density of evaporating Primordial Black Holes', Astroparticle Physics, vol. 64, pp. 4-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2014.10.007

Milagro limits and HAWC sensitivity for the rate-density of evaporating Primordial Black Holes. / Abdo, A. A.; Abeysekara, A. U.; Alfaro, R.; Allen, B. T.; Alvarez, C.; Álvarez, J. D.; Arceo, R.; Arteaga-Velázquez, J. C.; Aune, T.; Ayala Solares, H. A.; Barber, A. S.; Baughman, B. M.; Bautista-Elivar, N.; Becerra Gonzalez, J.; Belmont, E.; Benzvi, S. Y.; Berley, D.; Bonilla Rosales, M.; Braun, J.; Caballero-Lopez, R. A.; Caballero-Mora, K. S.; Carramiñana, A.; Castillo, M.; Christopher, G. E.; Cotti, U.; Cotzomi, J.; De La Fuente, E.; De León, C.; Deyoung, T.; Diaz Hernandez, R.; Diaz-Cruz, L.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dingus, B. L.; Duvernois, M. A.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Fiorino, D. W.; Fraija, N.; Galindo, A.; Garfias, F.; González, M. M.; Goodman, J. A.; Grabski, V.; Gussert, M.; Hampel-Arias, Z.; Harding, J. P.; Hays, E.; Hoffman, C. M.; Hui, C. M.; Hüntemeyer, P.; Imran, A.; Iriarte, A.; Karn, P.; Kieda, D.; Kolterman, B. E.; Kunde, G. J.; Lara, A.; Lauer, R. J.; Lee, W. H.; Lennarz, D.; León Vargas, H.; Linares, E. C.; Linnemann, J. T.; Longo, M.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Macgibbon, J. H.; Marinelli, A.; Marinelli, S. S.; Martinez, H.; Martinez, O.; Martínez-Castro, J.; Matthews, J. A.J.; McEnery, J.; Mendoza Torres, E.; Mincer, A. I.; Miranda-Romagnoli, P.; Moreno, E.; Morgan, T.; Mostafá, M.; Nellen, L.; Nemethy, P.; Newbold, M.; Noriega-Papaqui, R.; Oceguera-Becerra, T.; Patricelli, B.; Pelayo, R.; Pérez-Pérez, E. G.; Pretz, J.; Rivière, C.; Rosa-González, D.; Ruiz-Velasco, E.; Ryan, J.; Salazar, H.; Salesa, F.; Sandoval, A.; Saz Parkinson, P. M.; Schneider, M.; Silich, S.; Sinnis, G.; Smith, A. J.; Stump, D.; Sparks Woodle, K.; Springer, R. W.; Taboada, I.; Toale, P. A.; Tollefson, K.; Torres, I.; Ukwatta, T. N.; Vasileiou, V.; Villaseñor, L.; Weisgarber, T.; Westerhoff, S.; Williams, D. A.; Wisher, I. G.; Wood, J.; Yodh, G. B.; Younk, P. W.; Zaborov, D.; Zepeda, A.; Zhou, H.

In: Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 64, 04.2015, p. 4-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Milagro limits and HAWC sensitivity for the rate-density of evaporating Primordial Black Holes

AU - Abdo, A. A.

AU - Abeysekara, A. U.

AU - Alfaro, R.

AU - Allen, B. T.

AU - Alvarez, C.

AU - Álvarez, J. D.

AU - Arceo, R.

AU - Arteaga-Velázquez, J. C.

AU - Aune, T.

AU - Ayala Solares, H. A.

AU - Barber, A. S.

AU - Baughman, B. M.

AU - Bautista-Elivar, N.

AU - Becerra Gonzalez, J.

AU - Belmont, E.

AU - Benzvi, S. Y.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bonilla Rosales, M.

AU - Braun, J.

AU - Caballero-Lopez, R. A.

AU - Caballero-Mora, K. S.

AU - Carramiñana, A.

AU - Castillo, M.

AU - Christopher, G. E.

AU - Cotti, U.

AU - Cotzomi, J.

AU - De La Fuente, E.

AU - De León, C.

AU - Deyoung, T.

AU - Diaz Hernandez, R.

AU - Diaz-Cruz, L.

AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

AU - Dingus, B. L.

AU - Duvernois, M. A.

AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

AU - Fiorino, D. W.

AU - Fraija, N.

AU - Galindo, A.

AU - Garfias, F.

AU - González, M. M.

AU - Goodman, J. A.

AU - Grabski, V.

AU - Gussert, M.

AU - Hampel-Arias, Z.

AU - Harding, J. P.

AU - Hays, E.

AU - Hoffman, C. M.

AU - Hui, C. M.

AU - Hüntemeyer, P.

AU - Imran, A.

AU - Iriarte, A.

AU - Karn, P.

AU - Kieda, D.

AU - Kolterman, B. E.

AU - Kunde, G. J.

AU - Lara, A.

AU - Lauer, R. J.

AU - Lee, W. H.

AU - Lennarz, D.

AU - León Vargas, H.

AU - Linares, E. C.

AU - Linnemann, J. T.

AU - Longo, M.

AU - Luna-Garcia, R.

AU - Macgibbon, J. H.

AU - Marinelli, A.

AU - Marinelli, S. S.

AU - Martinez, H.

AU - Martinez, O.

AU - Martínez-Castro, J.

AU - Matthews, J. A.J.

AU - McEnery, J.

AU - Mendoza Torres, E.

AU - Mincer, A. I.

AU - Miranda-Romagnoli, P.

AU - Moreno, E.

AU - Morgan, T.

AU - Mostafá, M.

AU - Nellen, L.

AU - Nemethy, P.

AU - Newbold, M.

AU - Noriega-Papaqui, R.

AU - Oceguera-Becerra, T.

AU - Patricelli, B.

AU - Pelayo, R.

AU - Pérez-Pérez, E. G.

AU - Pretz, J.

AU - Rivière, C.

AU - Rosa-González, D.

AU - Ruiz-Velasco, E.

AU - Ryan, J.

AU - Salazar, H.

AU - Salesa, F.

AU - Sandoval, A.

AU - Saz Parkinson, P. M.

AU - Schneider, M.

AU - Silich, S.

AU - Sinnis, G.

AU - Smith, A. J.

AU - Stump, D.

AU - Sparks Woodle, K.

AU - Springer, R. W.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Toale, P. A.

AU - Tollefson, K.

AU - Torres, I.

AU - Ukwatta, T. N.

AU - Vasileiou, V.

AU - Villaseñor, L.

AU - Weisgarber, T.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Williams, D. A.

AU - Wisher, I. G.

AU - Wood, J.

AU - Yodh, G. B.

AU - Younk, P. W.

AU - Zaborov, D.

AU - Zepeda, A.

AU - Zhou, H.

PY - 2015/4

Y1 - 2015/4

N2 - Primordial Black Holes (PBHs) are gravitationally collapsed objects that may have been created by density fluctuations in the early universe and could have arbitrarily small masses down to the Planck scale. Hawking showed that due to quantum effects, a black hole has a temperature inversely proportional to its mass and will emit all species of fundamental particles thermally. PBHs with initial masses of ∼5.0 × 1014 g should be expiring in the present epoch with bursts of high-energy particles, including gamma radiation in the GeV-TeV energy range. The Milagro high energy observatory, which operated from 2000 to 2008, is sensitive to the high end of the PBH evaporation gamma-ray spectrum. Due to its large field-of-view, more than 90% duty cycle and sensitivity up to 100 TeV gamma rays, the Milagro observatory is well suited to perform a search for PBH bursts. Based on a search on the Milagro data, we report new PBH burst rate density upper limits over a range of PBH observation times. In addition, we report the sensitivity of the Milagro successor, the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) observatory, to PBH evaporation events.

AB - Primordial Black Holes (PBHs) are gravitationally collapsed objects that may have been created by density fluctuations in the early universe and could have arbitrarily small masses down to the Planck scale. Hawking showed that due to quantum effects, a black hole has a temperature inversely proportional to its mass and will emit all species of fundamental particles thermally. PBHs with initial masses of ∼5.0 × 1014 g should be expiring in the present epoch with bursts of high-energy particles, including gamma radiation in the GeV-TeV energy range. The Milagro high energy observatory, which operated from 2000 to 2008, is sensitive to the high end of the PBH evaporation gamma-ray spectrum. Due to its large field-of-view, more than 90% duty cycle and sensitivity up to 100 TeV gamma rays, the Milagro observatory is well suited to perform a search for PBH bursts. Based on a search on the Milagro data, we report new PBH burst rate density upper limits over a range of PBH observation times. In addition, we report the sensitivity of the Milagro successor, the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) observatory, to PBH evaporation events.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84914107023&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84914107023&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2014.10.007

DO - 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2014.10.007

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84914107023

VL - 64

SP - 4

EP - 12

JO - Astroparticle Physics

JF - Astroparticle Physics

SN - 0927-6505

ER -