Spherical-tipped locators and clamps are often used for the restraint of castings during machining. For structurally rigid castings, contact region deformation and micro-slippage are the predominant modes of workpiece displacement. In turn contact region deformation and micro-slippage are heavily influenced by contact region loading. This paper presents a linear model for predicting the impact of locator and clamp placement on workpiece displacement throughout a series of machining operations. It illustrates how the continuum of external loads exerted on a workpiece during machining can be bounded within a convex hull, and how the extreme points of this hull are used within the model. Finally it describes the simulation experiments which were used for model validation.
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