Minimum charge moment change in positive and negative cloud to ground lightning discharges producing sprites

Jianqi Qin, Sebastien Celestin, Victor P. Pasko

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Measurements indicate that surprisingly small charge moment changes of ∼200 C km in positive cloud-to-ground lightning discharges (+CGs) can initiate middle atmospheric gas discharges termed sprites. In the present work a plasma fluid model is used to demonstrate that for spherically symmetric initial electron density inhomogeneities, the initiation of sprites by such small charge moment changes is only possible when the ionospheric D-region electron density profile is characterized by a reference altitude h greater than 90km. Vertically elongated inhomogeneities are found to be more favorable for sprite initiation, which is consistent with recently published studies. It is calculated that for the same ionospheric conditions (i.e., inhomogeneities and h values) that lead to initiation of sprites by+CGs associated with ∼200 C km charge moment changes, the minimum charge moment change required for initiation of sprites by-CGs is 300 C km.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numberL22801
    JournalGeophysical Research Letters
    Volume39
    Issue number22
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 28 2012

    Fingerprint

    sprite
    cloud to ground lightning
    lightning
    moments
    inhomogeneity
    electron density
    ionospherics
    D region
    electron density profiles
    atmospheric gas
    gas discharges
    plasma
    fluid
    fluids

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geophysics
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Measurements indicate that surprisingly small charge moment changes of ∼200 C km in positive cloud-to-ground lightning discharges (+CGs) can initiate middle atmospheric gas discharges termed sprites. In the present work a plasma fluid model is used to demonstrate that for spherically symmetric initial electron density inhomogeneities, the initiation of sprites by such small charge moment changes is only possible when the ionospheric D-region electron density profile is characterized by a reference altitude h greater than 90km. Vertically elongated inhomogeneities are found to be more favorable for sprite initiation, which is consistent with recently published studies. It is calculated that for the same ionospheric conditions (i.e., inhomogeneities and h values) that lead to initiation of sprites by+CGs associated with ∼200 C km charge moment changes, the minimum charge moment change required for initiation of sprites by-CGs is 300 C km.",
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    Minimum charge moment change in positive and negative cloud to ground lightning discharges producing sprites. / Qin, Jianqi; Celestin, Sebastien; Pasko, Victor P.

    In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, No. 22, L22801, 28.11.2012.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

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    AU - Qin, Jianqi

    AU - Celestin, Sebastien

    AU - Pasko, Victor P.

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    AB - Measurements indicate that surprisingly small charge moment changes of ∼200 C km in positive cloud-to-ground lightning discharges (+CGs) can initiate middle atmospheric gas discharges termed sprites. In the present work a plasma fluid model is used to demonstrate that for spherically symmetric initial electron density inhomogeneities, the initiation of sprites by such small charge moment changes is only possible when the ionospheric D-region electron density profile is characterized by a reference altitude h greater than 90km. Vertically elongated inhomogeneities are found to be more favorable for sprite initiation, which is consistent with recently published studies. It is calculated that for the same ionospheric conditions (i.e., inhomogeneities and h values) that lead to initiation of sprites by+CGs associated with ∼200 C km charge moment changes, the minimum charge moment change required for initiation of sprites by-CGs is 300 C km.

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