Miocene to recent ice elevation variations from the interior of the West Antarctic ice sheet: Constraints from geologic observations, cosmogenic nuclides and ice sheet modeling

Sujoy Mukhopadhyay, Robert P. Ackert, Allen E. Pope, David Pollard, Robert M. DeConto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Observations of long-term West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) behavior can be used to test and constrain dynamic ice sheet models. Long-term observational constraints are however, rare. Here we present the first constraints on long-term (Miocene-Holocene) WAIS elevation from the interior of the ice sheet near the WAIS divide. We use geologic observations and measurements of cosmogenic 21Ne and 10Be in bedrock surfaces to constrain WAIS elevation variations to <160m above the present-day ice levels since 7Ma, and <110m above present-day ice levels since 5.4Ma. The cosmogenic nuclide data indicate that bedrock surfaces 35m above the present-day ice levels had near continuous exposure over the past 3.5Ma, requiring average interior WAIS elevations to have been similar to, or lower than present, since the beginning of the Pliocene warm period. We use a continental ice sheet model to simulate the history of ice cover at our sampling sites and thereby compute the expected concentration of the cosmogenic nuclides. The ice sheet model indicates that during the past 5Ma interior WAIS elevations of >65m above present-day ice levels at the Ohio Range occur only rarely during brief ice sheet highstands, consistent with the observed cosmogenic nuclide data. Furthermore, the model's prediction that highstand elevations have increased on average since the Pliocene is in good agreement with the cosmogenic nuclide data that indicate the highest ice elevation over the past 5Ma was reached during the highstand at 11ka. Since the simulated cosmogenic nuclide concentrations derived from the model's ice elevation history are in good agreement with our measurements, we suggest that the model's prediction of more frequent collapsed-WAIS states and smaller WAIS volumes during the Pliocene are also correct.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-251
Number of pages9
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume337-338
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

Fingerprint

Ice
nuclides
Isotopes
ice sheet
ice
Miocene
modeling
highstand
Pliocene
prediction
bedrock
predictions
Holocene
histories
history

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "Miocene to recent ice elevation variations from the interior of the West Antarctic ice sheet: Constraints from geologic observations, cosmogenic nuclides and ice sheet modeling",
abstract = "Observations of long-term West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) behavior can be used to test and constrain dynamic ice sheet models. Long-term observational constraints are however, rare. Here we present the first constraints on long-term (Miocene-Holocene) WAIS elevation from the interior of the ice sheet near the WAIS divide. We use geologic observations and measurements of cosmogenic 21Ne and 10Be in bedrock surfaces to constrain WAIS elevation variations to <160m above the present-day ice levels since 7Ma, and <110m above present-day ice levels since 5.4Ma. The cosmogenic nuclide data indicate that bedrock surfaces 35m above the present-day ice levels had near continuous exposure over the past 3.5Ma, requiring average interior WAIS elevations to have been similar to, or lower than present, since the beginning of the Pliocene warm period. We use a continental ice sheet model to simulate the history of ice cover at our sampling sites and thereby compute the expected concentration of the cosmogenic nuclides. The ice sheet model indicates that during the past 5Ma interior WAIS elevations of >65m above present-day ice levels at the Ohio Range occur only rarely during brief ice sheet highstands, consistent with the observed cosmogenic nuclide data. Furthermore, the model's prediction that highstand elevations have increased on average since the Pliocene is in good agreement with the cosmogenic nuclide data that indicate the highest ice elevation over the past 5Ma was reached during the highstand at 11ka. Since the simulated cosmogenic nuclide concentrations derived from the model's ice elevation history are in good agreement with our measurements, we suggest that the model's prediction of more frequent collapsed-WAIS states and smaller WAIS volumes during the Pliocene are also correct.",
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Miocene to recent ice elevation variations from the interior of the West Antarctic ice sheet : Constraints from geologic observations, cosmogenic nuclides and ice sheet modeling. / Mukhopadhyay, Sujoy; Ackert, Robert P.; Pope, Allen E.; Pollard, David; DeConto, Robert M.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 337-338, 01.07.2012, p. 243-251.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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