Metasurfaces and metamaterials have been explored extensively in recent years for their ability to enable a variety of innovative microwave devices. However, because their exotic properties often arise from resonant structures, the large field enhancements under high-power microwave illumination can lead to dielectric breakdown and damage to the device. In order to develop metasurfaces and metamaterials capable of being utilized in high-power microwave applications, this paper investigates techniques for reducing the maximum field enhancement factor (MFEF) in several types of structures from the literature. Starting with a simple Sievenpiper metasurface, this paper evaluates the dependence of MFEF on the structure design parameters. For more complex metasurface geometries, a genetic algorithm is demonstrated that can evolve structures that have minimal MFEF. In addition, negative-index and low-index metamaterials are evaluated for field enhancement. By optimizing for low loss and by operating in the resonance tails, metamaterials with low MFEF can be realized for high-power applications. To illustrate this, a quad-beam focusing metamaterial lens is presented with an MFEF less than 5 over the entire operating band.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering