Cognitive radio networks (CRNs), which offer novel network architecture for utilising spectrums, have attracted significant attention in recent years. CRN users use spectrums opportunistically, which means they sense a channel, and if it is free, they start transmitting in that channel. In cooperative spectrum sensing, a secondary user (SU) decides about the presence of the primary user (PU) based on information from other SUs. Malicious SUs (MSUs) send false sensing information to other SUs so that they make wrong decisions about the spectrum status. As a result, an SU may transmit during the presence of the PU or may keep starving for the spectrum. In this paper, we propose a reputation-based mechanism which can minimise the effects of MSUs on decision making in cooperative spectrum sensing. Some of the SUs are selected as distributed fusion centres (DFCs), that are responsible for making decisions about the presence of PU and informing the reporting SUs. A DFC uses weighted majority voting among the reporting SUs, where weights are normalised reputation. The DFC updates reputations of SUs based on confidence of an election. If the majority wins by a significant margin, the confidence of the election is high. In this case, SUs that belong to the majority gain high reputations. We conduct extensive simulations to validate our proposed model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design