Mitral annular descent velocity by tissue Doppler echocardiography as an index of global left ventricular function

Vijay K. Gulati, William E. Katz, William P. Follansbee, John Gorcsan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

361 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitral annular descent has been described as an index of left ventricular (LV) systolic function, which is independent of endocardial definition. Echocardiographic tissue Doppler imaging is a new technique that calculates and displays color-coded cardiac tissue velocities on-line. To evaluate mitral annular descent velocity as a rapid index of global LV function, we performed tissue Doppler imaging studies in 55 patients, aged 56 ± 15 years, within 3 hours of radionuclide ventriculographic ejection fraction. Tissue Doppler M-mode studies were obtained from each of 6 mitral annular sites, as follows: inferoseptal and lateral from apical 4-chamber views, anterior and inferior from apical 2-chamber views, and anteroseptal and posterior from apical long-axis views. Only 1 patient with severe mitral annular calcification was excluded. The group mean 6-site average peak mitral annular descent velocity was 5.5 ± 1.9 cm/s (range 2.4 to 10.5), and the group mean ejection fraction was 49 ± 18% (range 17 to 80%). The 6-site average peak annular descent velocity correlated linearly with LV ejection fraction (r = 0.86, SEE = 1.02 cm/s): LV ejection fraction = 8.2 (average peak mitral annular descent velocity) + 3%. The 6-site peak mitral annular descent velocity average >5.4 cm/s was 88% sensitive and 97% specific for ejection fraction >50%. The peak mitral annular descent velocity from the apical 4- chamber view (average from inferoseptal and lateral sites) correlated most closely with the LV ejection fraction (r = 0.85) as an individual view. Peak mitral annular descent velocity by tissue Doppler imaging has the potential to estimate rapidly the global LV function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)979-984
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume77
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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