Mobilizing local religious markets: Religious pluralism in the empire state, 1855 to 1865

Roger Finke, Avery M. Guest, Rodney Stark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent theoretical arguments contend that when the state permits a religious free market, pluralism and competition will emerge and overall levels of religious participation will increase. We return to nineteenth-century America, when the emergence of a religious free market was in progress, to examine whether pluralism generated higher levels of religious participation. We use data from the New York State censuses of 1855 and 1865 to explore religious participation in 942 towns and cities in the state. Our results strongly support the pluralism thesis, highlight demographic effects on religious participation, and help explain conflicting research findings on pluralism and religious participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-218
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican sociological review
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science

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