Model for leukocyte regulation by chemoattractant receptors: Roles of a guanine nucleotide regulatory protein and polyphosphoinositide metabolism

R. Snyderman, C. D. Smith, M. W. Verghese

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

130 Scopus citations

Abstract

Binding of chemoattractants to their receptors on phagocytes activates a guanine nucleotide regulatory (N) protein through the substitution of GTP for GDP on N. The activated N protein in turn stimulates a membrane-associated phospholipase C by lowering the Ca2+ concentration required to activate this enzyme from supraphysiologic levels to ambient intracellular concentrations. The phospholipase C hydrolyzes phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate into the Ca2+ mobilizer inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and the protein kinase C activator 1,2-diacylgycerol. In addition to promoting cellular activation, the products of this hydrolysis initiate processes which feed back to inhibit polyphosphoinositide breakdown. The regulatory model proposed herein may be relevant to other receptors which stimulate polyphosphoinositide metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)785-800
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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