Modeling and design of a wet clutch offset compound gear transmission for dual-speed rotorcraft applications

Xiaowen Su, Hans DeSmidt, Edward C. Smith, Robert C. Bill

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

This paper develops a lumped-parameter multi-plates wet clutch Offset Compound Gear (OCG) transmission dynamics and its thermal model for dual-speed rotorcraft applications with an active clutch slip-speed control. This model includes the Reynolds equation for the clutch oil film thickness, the clutch thermal model, the clutch transferred torques (viscous and asperity torque) and the clutch disengagement model. The wet clutch/OCG transmission system is implemented in Matlab® SimulinkTM to manage the upshift clutch temperature rise, which is a main issue need to handle for a dual-speed helicopter transmission. Here, the clutch temperature rise is treated by injecting a certain amount of coolant during engagement so that the temperature rise for the wet clutch is much lower than that of an dry clutch. In order to transfer a required torque using the available power, the sizing of the wet clutch could be evaluated via the developed wet clutch/OCG transmission model. This study shows that the temperature rise drops as the wet clutch oil flow rate increases adding extra weights compared with the dry clutch. The simulation also captures a phenomenon that a larger clutch engagement pressure might be required for the wet clutch to transfer the same torque since the wet clutch oil viscosity drops as the oil temperature increases during the clutch engagement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2020
EventVertical Flight Society's 76th Annual Forum and Technology Display - Virtual, Online
Duration: Oct 5 2020Oct 8 2020

Conference

ConferenceVertical Flight Society's 76th Annual Forum and Technology Display
CityVirtual, Online
Period10/5/2010/8/20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

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