Modeling and direct thrust measurements of an 8-ghz microwave electrothermal thruster

Jeffrey R. Hopkins, Christopher DeForce, Michael M. Micci, Sven G. Bilén, Silvio G. Chianese

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Fluid mechanics modeling and direct thrust measurements on an 8-GHz microwave electrothermal thruster were performed. Computer modeling involved implementing 2D and 3D simulations of swirl flow dynamics and choked nozzle flow in a cylindrical cavity. These models were run in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate flow conditions in the thruster and ultimately lead to a fully integrated fluids and electromagnetic model. Experimental work involved redesign of the thruster cavity and construction and testing of a vertical thrust stand. Thrust measurements were taken using ammonia and simulated decomposed hydrazine as propellants. Testing was performed over a range of 100 to 250 W of microwave power input into the thruster.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
Event47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jul 31 2011Aug 3 2011

Publication series

Name47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011

Other

Other47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period7/31/118/3/11

Fingerprint

Microwaves
Hydrazine
Fluid mechanics
Testing
Propellants
Ammonia
Nozzles
Fluids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Hopkins, J. R., DeForce, C., Micci, M. M., Bilén, S. G., & Chianese, S. G. (2011). Modeling and direct thrust measurements of an 8-ghz microwave electrothermal thruster. In 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011 (47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011).
Hopkins, Jeffrey R. ; DeForce, Christopher ; Micci, Michael M. ; Bilén, Sven G. ; Chianese, Silvio G. / Modeling and direct thrust measurements of an 8-ghz microwave electrothermal thruster. 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011. 2011. (47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011).
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title = "Modeling and direct thrust measurements of an 8-ghz microwave electrothermal thruster",
abstract = "Fluid mechanics modeling and direct thrust measurements on an 8-GHz microwave electrothermal thruster were performed. Computer modeling involved implementing 2D and 3D simulations of swirl flow dynamics and choked nozzle flow in a cylindrical cavity. These models were run in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate flow conditions in the thruster and ultimately lead to a fully integrated fluids and electromagnetic model. Experimental work involved redesign of the thruster cavity and construction and testing of a vertical thrust stand. Thrust measurements were taken using ammonia and simulated decomposed hydrazine as propellants. Testing was performed over a range of 100 to 250 W of microwave power input into the thruster.",
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Hopkins, JR, DeForce, C, Micci, MM, Bilén, SG & Chianese, SG 2011, Modeling and direct thrust measurements of an 8-ghz microwave electrothermal thruster. in 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011. 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011, 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011, San Diego, CA, United States, 7/31/11.

Modeling and direct thrust measurements of an 8-ghz microwave electrothermal thruster. / Hopkins, Jeffrey R.; DeForce, Christopher; Micci, Michael M.; Bilén, Sven G.; Chianese, Silvio G.

47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011. 2011. (47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - Fluid mechanics modeling and direct thrust measurements on an 8-GHz microwave electrothermal thruster were performed. Computer modeling involved implementing 2D and 3D simulations of swirl flow dynamics and choked nozzle flow in a cylindrical cavity. These models were run in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate flow conditions in the thruster and ultimately lead to a fully integrated fluids and electromagnetic model. Experimental work involved redesign of the thruster cavity and construction and testing of a vertical thrust stand. Thrust measurements were taken using ammonia and simulated decomposed hydrazine as propellants. Testing was performed over a range of 100 to 250 W of microwave power input into the thruster.

AB - Fluid mechanics modeling and direct thrust measurements on an 8-GHz microwave electrothermal thruster were performed. Computer modeling involved implementing 2D and 3D simulations of swirl flow dynamics and choked nozzle flow in a cylindrical cavity. These models were run in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate flow conditions in the thruster and ultimately lead to a fully integrated fluids and electromagnetic model. Experimental work involved redesign of the thruster cavity and construction and testing of a vertical thrust stand. Thrust measurements were taken using ammonia and simulated decomposed hydrazine as propellants. Testing was performed over a range of 100 to 250 W of microwave power input into the thruster.

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Hopkins JR, DeForce C, Micci MM, Bilén SG, Chianese SG. Modeling and direct thrust measurements of an 8-ghz microwave electrothermal thruster. In 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011. 2011. (47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011).