Modeling of deposit removal from milk contact surfaces in water rinse cycle during milking system cleaning-in-place process

Xinmiao Wang, Virendra Puri, Ali Demirci, Robert E. Graves

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The safety of dairy products is maintained by the quality and safety of the raw milk, which largely depends on the cleaned and sanitized milking system used during the milk production. The milking system cleaning process widely used on current dairy farms is a highly automated process called as cleaning-in-place (CIP). The conventional four-step milking system CIP includes: i) warm water rinse; ii) alkaline wash; iii) acid wash; and iv) sanitizing rinse before the next milking event. There have been studies to enhance the CIP performance and evaluate alternative CIP experimentally, but the mechanisms behind the cleaning processes are largely unclear. This research is undertaken to evaluate the deposit removal rate for the warm water rinse cycle of the CIP process and propose a mathematical model to describe the deposit removal process by the warm water rinse. Three 152.4 mm (6″) stainless steel straight pipe specimens were placed at the end of undisturbed entrance length, and the distance between the end of the first specimen to the beginning of the next specimen is 1.1 m (3.5′). The mass of milk deposit on the specimen was measured after the initial soiling process, then after a 20 and 30-s of warm water rinse. A first order kinetic model is considered for the initial model development based on previous studies, where the deposit removal rate was dependent on the warm water rinse time duration. Results showed that deposit on the inner surfaces of the specimens were removed rapidly by the warm water rinse initially within 20 seconds (p<0.05), but slowed down after 20 s of warm water rinse. At the end of 30 s warm water rinse, more than 95% of the initial deposit was removed. Moreover, no significant differences (P>0.05) were observed experimentally of the deposit removal amount and rate for the specimens located at three different distances from the inlet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Pages1597-1607
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781632668455
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
EventAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 13 2014Jul 16 2014

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014
Volume3

Other

OtherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/13/147/16/14

Fingerprint

Water Cycle
cleaning in place
hydrologic cycle
milking
Cleaning
surface water
Milk
Deposits
milk
Water
water
cleaning
milk deposits
sanitizing
Safety
Dairy Products
Stainless Steel
stainless steel
raw milk
pipes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Wang, X., Puri, V., Demirci, A., & Graves, R. E. (2014). Modeling of deposit removal from milk contact surfaces in water rinse cycle during milking system cleaning-in-place process. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014 (pp. 1597-1607). (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014; Vol. 3). American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.
Wang, Xinmiao ; Puri, Virendra ; Demirci, Ali ; Graves, Robert E. / Modeling of deposit removal from milk contact surfaces in water rinse cycle during milking system cleaning-in-place process. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2014. pp. 1597-1607 (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014).
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abstract = "The safety of dairy products is maintained by the quality and safety of the raw milk, which largely depends on the cleaned and sanitized milking system used during the milk production. The milking system cleaning process widely used on current dairy farms is a highly automated process called as cleaning-in-place (CIP). The conventional four-step milking system CIP includes: i) warm water rinse; ii) alkaline wash; iii) acid wash; and iv) sanitizing rinse before the next milking event. There have been studies to enhance the CIP performance and evaluate alternative CIP experimentally, but the mechanisms behind the cleaning processes are largely unclear. This research is undertaken to evaluate the deposit removal rate for the warm water rinse cycle of the CIP process and propose a mathematical model to describe the deposit removal process by the warm water rinse. Three 152.4 mm (6″) stainless steel straight pipe specimens were placed at the end of undisturbed entrance length, and the distance between the end of the first specimen to the beginning of the next specimen is 1.1 m (3.5′). The mass of milk deposit on the specimen was measured after the initial soiling process, then after a 20 and 30-s of warm water rinse. A first order kinetic model is considered for the initial model development based on previous studies, where the deposit removal rate was dependent on the warm water rinse time duration. Results showed that deposit on the inner surfaces of the specimens were removed rapidly by the warm water rinse initially within 20 seconds (p<0.05), but slowed down after 20 s of warm water rinse. At the end of 30 s warm water rinse, more than 95{\%} of the initial deposit was removed. Moreover, no significant differences (P>0.05) were observed experimentally of the deposit removal amount and rate for the specimens located at three different distances from the inlet.",
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Wang, X, Puri, V, Demirci, A & Graves, RE 2014, Modeling of deposit removal from milk contact surfaces in water rinse cycle during milking system cleaning-in-place process. in American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014, vol. 3, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, pp. 1597-1607, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014, Montreal, Canada, 7/13/14.

Modeling of deposit removal from milk contact surfaces in water rinse cycle during milking system cleaning-in-place process. / Wang, Xinmiao; Puri, Virendra; Demirci, Ali; Graves, Robert E.

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2014. p. 1597-1607 (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014; Vol. 3).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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M3 - Conference contribution

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Wang X, Puri V, Demirci A, Graves RE. Modeling of deposit removal from milk contact surfaces in water rinse cycle during milking system cleaning-in-place process. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. 2014. p. 1597-1607. (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014).