Modeling of laminated reinforced composite with carbon nanotube interlayers to estimate structural damping in a rotorcraft blade

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The traditional lag dampers used in rotorcraft application are unable to produce adequate levels of damping for 2X speed coaxial compound rotorcraft which use rigid, hingeless blades. The current paper shows the possibility of having an intrinsic passive damping solution through the use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) embedded in the interlayer region of a carbon fiber reinforced epoxy composite laminate. The CNTs are assumed to have a reversible stick-slip damping mechanism in the composite. The dissipation caused by the slip between the CNTs and the epoxy matrix is proportional to the slippage length of the CNTs. A laminated composite model is used to simulate a spar with alternating plies and CNT interlayers. The model is used to predict the stresses, strains and damping associated with the plies and interlayers. The laminated composite damping model is validated by comparing the predictions with experimental results from the literature. The model is used to demonstrate the effect of the CNT interlayers on the damping of the composite blade. The effect of blade RPM and key CNT parameters such as aspect ratio (l/d) and critical shear stress (τc) on the damping of the blade is also investigated. A loss factor of over 8% and 6% was observed with optimally configured parameters for soft and stiff in-plane rotors respectively. Overall, the results suggest significant damping augmentation is achievable from the use of CNT interlayers in carbon/epoxy blades.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105784
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Jan 7 2019Jan 11 2019

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum

Conference

ConferenceAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period1/7/191/11/19

Fingerprint

Carbon nanotubes
Damping
Composite materials
Laminated composites
Stick-slip
Carbon fibers
Laminates
Shear stress
Aspect ratio
Rotors
Carbon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Prakash, K., Smith, E., & Bakis, C. E. (2019). Modeling of laminated reinforced composite with carbon nanotube interlayers to estimate structural damping in a rotorcraft blade. In AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum). American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-0858
Prakash, Keerti ; Smith, Edward ; Bakis, Charles E. / Modeling of laminated reinforced composite with carbon nanotube interlayers to estimate structural damping in a rotorcraft blade. AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2019. (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum).
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abstract = "The traditional lag dampers used in rotorcraft application are unable to produce adequate levels of damping for 2X speed coaxial compound rotorcraft which use rigid, hingeless blades. The current paper shows the possibility of having an intrinsic passive damping solution through the use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) embedded in the interlayer region of a carbon fiber reinforced epoxy composite laminate. The CNTs are assumed to have a reversible stick-slip damping mechanism in the composite. The dissipation caused by the slip between the CNTs and the epoxy matrix is proportional to the slippage length of the CNTs. A laminated composite model is used to simulate a spar with alternating plies and CNT interlayers. The model is used to predict the stresses, strains and damping associated with the plies and interlayers. The laminated composite damping model is validated by comparing the predictions with experimental results from the literature. The model is used to demonstrate the effect of the CNT interlayers on the damping of the composite blade. The effect of blade RPM and key CNT parameters such as aspect ratio (l/d) and critical shear stress (τc) on the damping of the blade is also investigated. A loss factor of over 8{\%} and 6{\%} was observed with optimally configured parameters for soft and stiff in-plane rotors respectively. Overall, the results suggest significant damping augmentation is achievable from the use of CNT interlayers in carbon/epoxy blades.",
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Prakash, K, Smith, E & Bakis, CE 2019, Modeling of laminated reinforced composite with carbon nanotube interlayers to estimate structural damping in a rotorcraft blade. in AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, AIAA Scitech Forum, 2019, San Diego, United States, 1/7/19. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-0858

Modeling of laminated reinforced composite with carbon nanotube interlayers to estimate structural damping in a rotorcraft blade. / Prakash, Keerti; Smith, Edward; Bakis, Charles E.

AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2019. (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Prakash K, Smith E, Bakis CE. Modeling of laminated reinforced composite with carbon nanotube interlayers to estimate structural damping in a rotorcraft blade. In AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. 2019. (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum). https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-0858