Modeling of quench behavior of YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-δ pancake magnets and distributed-temperature-sensing-based quench detection for operating temperature 30-77 K

Jún Zhou, Wan Kan Chan, Justin Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A two-dimensional/three-dimensional (2-D/3-D) mixed electrothermal model is proposed for the simulation of quench behavior of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) pancake magnets, where a 2-D electrothermal model is proposed to simulate the YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-δ (YBCO) subcoil and is coupled with the remaining parts of the YBCO magnet, which are treated as 3-D homogeneous coils. For operating temperature from 30 to 77 K, the quench behavior of four YBCO pancake coils (two Kapton-insulated coils and two TiO2 -insulated coils) are simulated. Thermal equilibrium states are found for both Kaptonand TiO2 -insulated coils. The thermal conductivity of insulating materials (Kapton, TiO2 ) significantly affects the equilibrium temperature profiles (ETPs) and the minimum quench energy (MQE), especially for relatively high operating temperature (e.g., 65-77 K). The distributed-temperature-sensing-based (DTS-based) quench detection criterion can be established on ETPs. The effect of the thickness of insulating materials on ETPs and MQEs is relatively weak, especially under relatively low operating temperature. The key parameters of ETP-based quench detection criterion, such as the reference temperature, the peak temperature, and the minimum normal zone size, are obtained for the operating temperature from 30 to 77 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4700311
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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operating temperature
Magnets
magnets
coils
temperature profiles
Kapton (trademark)
insulation
Temperature
temperature
superconducting magnets
Insulating materials
thermal conductivity
barium copper yttrium oxide
Superconducting magnets
simulation
Thermal conductivity
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Modeling of quench behavior of YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-δ pancake magnets and distributed-temperature-sensing-based quench detection for operating temperature 30-77 K",
abstract = "A two-dimensional/three-dimensional (2-D/3-D) mixed electrothermal model is proposed for the simulation of quench behavior of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) pancake magnets, where a 2-D electrothermal model is proposed to simulate the YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-δ (YBCO) subcoil and is coupled with the remaining parts of the YBCO magnet, which are treated as 3-D homogeneous coils. For operating temperature from 30 to 77 K, the quench behavior of four YBCO pancake coils (two Kapton-insulated coils and two TiO2 -insulated coils) are simulated. Thermal equilibrium states are found for both Kaptonand TiO2 -insulated coils. The thermal conductivity of insulating materials (Kapton, TiO2 ) significantly affects the equilibrium temperature profiles (ETPs) and the minimum quench energy (MQE), especially for relatively high operating temperature (e.g., 65-77 K). The distributed-temperature-sensing-based (DTS-based) quench detection criterion can be established on ETPs. The effect of the thickness of insulating materials on ETPs and MQEs is relatively weak, especially under relatively low operating temperature. The key parameters of ETP-based quench detection criterion, such as the reference temperature, the peak temperature, and the minimum normal zone size, are obtained for the operating temperature from 30 to 77 K.",
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AB - A two-dimensional/three-dimensional (2-D/3-D) mixed electrothermal model is proposed for the simulation of quench behavior of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) pancake magnets, where a 2-D electrothermal model is proposed to simulate the YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-δ (YBCO) subcoil and is coupled with the remaining parts of the YBCO magnet, which are treated as 3-D homogeneous coils. For operating temperature from 30 to 77 K, the quench behavior of four YBCO pancake coils (two Kapton-insulated coils and two TiO2 -insulated coils) are simulated. Thermal equilibrium states are found for both Kaptonand TiO2 -insulated coils. The thermal conductivity of insulating materials (Kapton, TiO2 ) significantly affects the equilibrium temperature profiles (ETPs) and the minimum quench energy (MQE), especially for relatively high operating temperature (e.g., 65-77 K). The distributed-temperature-sensing-based (DTS-based) quench detection criterion can be established on ETPs. The effect of the thickness of insulating materials on ETPs and MQEs is relatively weak, especially under relatively low operating temperature. The key parameters of ETP-based quench detection criterion, such as the reference temperature, the peak temperature, and the minimum normal zone size, are obtained for the operating temperature from 30 to 77 K.

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