In considering the relaxation of segments in a blend whose components have reasonably disparate glass transition temperatures, local concentration fluctuations and density fluctuations each play a role. The result is a distribution of environments around a given segment in the blend, which translates into a distribution of segmental relaxation times. In this work we focus on concentration fluctuations, making use of a simple lattice model to generate a distribution of environments, which we then translate into a dielectric relaxation spectrum. We analyze experimental data for several polyisoprene/poly(vinylethylene) (PI/PVE) blends and show that, by accounting for the relatively strong composition dependence of the blend glass transition temperature, it is possible to model the dielectric relaxation spectrum by considering concentration fluctuations at the scale of the Kuhn length, which is both composition and temperature independent.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry