Models of Protection Against Recidivism in Justice-Involved Adults With Mental Illnesses

Evan M. Lowder, Sarah L. Desmarais, Candalyn B. Rade, Tim Coffey, Richard A. Van Dorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protective factors may play an important role in the assessment, treatment, and supervision of adult offenders with mental illnesses. However, little is known regarding associations between protective factors, risk factors, and recidivism in this population. In research with adolescents, five models describing these associations have been proposed and tested: (a) Compensatory, (b) Buffer, (c) Challenge, (d) Protective-Protective, and (e) Mediation. This study evaluated these models of protection against recidivism in a sample of justice-involved adults with mental illnesses (N = 550). Risk and protective factors were operationalized using Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) assessments. Results showed consistent evidence for the Compensatory model, where risk and protective factors were independently associated with recidivism. In contrast, results failed to provide evidence supporting the other four models. Findings underscore the importance of both risk and protective factors in the assessment, treatment, and supervision of adult offenders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)893-911
Number of pages19
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume44
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

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