Estimating quantitative contributions to specific traits can be accomplished from a variety of genetic models (Mather 1949; Mather and Jinks 1971; Falconer 1981). Residual genetic effects, those beyond main and interaction effects of the embryo genotype, are often pooled under a single classification, termed maternal effects. Maternal contributions to seed-related traits can originate from various maternal sources (e.g., endosperm, testa and cytoplasm). Quantitative contributions of a maternal nature are not predictable from parental performance and effects are largely non-persistent over generations (Jinks et al. 1972). The methods used to determine maternal effects in quantitative traits often do not measure quantitative genetic parameters, while those that do are either complex or partially resolve potential contributions of individual sources of maternal effects. We present simple genetic models for estimating quantitative genetic parameters which take into account maternal effects expressed in the major seed tissues of higher plants.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science