Modern Spanish once-removed in Philippine Creole Spanish: The case of Zamboangueno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Philippine Creole Spanish, formed in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, underwent partial decreolization toward the end of the Spanish presence in the Philippines, particularly in the city of Zamboanga. Following the American occupation of the Philippines, virtually all Spanish Linguistic influence has disappeared, but contemporary Zamboangueno continues to exhibit continuing incorporation of elements of standard Spanish, in the nearly total absence of a pool of Spanish speakers. The present study explores the status of the Zamboangueno dialect, discusses the various stages of decreolization in the direction of Spanish, and suggests possible avenues for the continued introduction of elements from an acrolect which, for all intents and purposes, is no longer generally available to residents of Zamboanga. (Creole studies, contact vernaculars).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-108
Number of pages18
JournalLanguage in Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Linguistics and Language


Dive into the research topics of 'Modern Spanish once-removed in Philippine Creole Spanish: The case of Zamboangueno'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this