Modular lidar systems for high-resolution 4-dimensional measurements of water vapor, temperature, and aerosols

Andreas Behrendt, Gerd Wagner, Anna Petrova, Max Shiler, Sandip Pal, Thorsten Schaberl, Volker Wulfmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three lidar systems are currently in development at University of Hohenheim. A water vapor lidar based on the differential absorption lidar (DIAL) technology working near 815 or 935 nm, a temperature and aerosol lidar employing the rotational Raman technique at 355 nm, and an aerosol lidar working with eye-safe laser radiation near 1.5 μm. The transmitters of these three systems are based on an injection-seeded, diode laser pumped Nd: YAG laser with an average power of 100 W at 1064 nm and a repetition rate of 250 Hz. This laser emits a nearly Gaussian-shaped beam which permits frequency-doubling and tripling with high efficiencies. The frequency-doubled 532-nm radiation is employed for pumping a Ti:Sapphire ring-resonator which will be used for DIAL water vapor measurements. In a second branch, a Cr4+:YAG crystal is pumped with the 1064-nm radiation to reach 1400 to 1500 nm for eye-safe monitoring of aerosol particles and clouds. The 532 and 1064 nm radiation are also used for backscatter lidar observations. Frequency tripling gives 355-nm radiation for measurements of temperature with the rotational Raman technique and particle extinction and particle backscattering coefficients in the UV. High transmitter power and effective use of the received signals will allow scanning operation of these three lidar systems. The lidar transmitters and detectors are designed as modules which can be combined for simultaneous measurements with one scanning telescope unit in a ground-based mobile container. Alternatively, they can be connected to different Nd:YAG pump lasers and to telescope units on separate platforms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number36
Pages (from-to)220-227
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume5653
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2005
EventLidar Remote Sensing for Industry and Environmental Monitoring V - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: Nov 9 2004Nov 11 2004

Fingerprint

dimensional measurement
Water Vapor
Lidar
Steam
Optical radar
Aerosol
Aerosols
optical radar
Water vapor
water vapor
aerosols
High Resolution
high resolution
transmitters
differential absorption lidar
Radiation
Transmitter
Temperature
radiation
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Behrendt, Andreas ; Wagner, Gerd ; Petrova, Anna ; Shiler, Max ; Pal, Sandip ; Schaberl, Thorsten ; Wulfmeyer, Volker. / Modular lidar systems for high-resolution 4-dimensional measurements of water vapor, temperature, and aerosols. In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. 2005 ; Vol. 5653. pp. 220-227.
@article{1f986edb9c0c4b10922b57db60ef3cc0,
title = "Modular lidar systems for high-resolution 4-dimensional measurements of water vapor, temperature, and aerosols",
abstract = "Three lidar systems are currently in development at University of Hohenheim. A water vapor lidar based on the differential absorption lidar (DIAL) technology working near 815 or 935 nm, a temperature and aerosol lidar employing the rotational Raman technique at 355 nm, and an aerosol lidar working with eye-safe laser radiation near 1.5 μm. The transmitters of these three systems are based on an injection-seeded, diode laser pumped Nd: YAG laser with an average power of 100 W at 1064 nm and a repetition rate of 250 Hz. This laser emits a nearly Gaussian-shaped beam which permits frequency-doubling and tripling with high efficiencies. The frequency-doubled 532-nm radiation is employed for pumping a Ti:Sapphire ring-resonator which will be used for DIAL water vapor measurements. In a second branch, a Cr4+:YAG crystal is pumped with the 1064-nm radiation to reach 1400 to 1500 nm for eye-safe monitoring of aerosol particles and clouds. The 532 and 1064 nm radiation are also used for backscatter lidar observations. Frequency tripling gives 355-nm radiation for measurements of temperature with the rotational Raman technique and particle extinction and particle backscattering coefficients in the UV. High transmitter power and effective use of the received signals will allow scanning operation of these three lidar systems. The lidar transmitters and detectors are designed as modules which can be combined for simultaneous measurements with one scanning telescope unit in a ground-based mobile container. Alternatively, they can be connected to different Nd:YAG pump lasers and to telescope units on separate platforms.",
author = "Andreas Behrendt and Gerd Wagner and Anna Petrova and Max Shiler and Sandip Pal and Thorsten Schaberl and Volker Wulfmeyer",
year = "2005",
month = "6",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1117/12.579139",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5653",
pages = "220--227",
journal = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
issn = "0277-786X",
publisher = "SPIE",

}

Modular lidar systems for high-resolution 4-dimensional measurements of water vapor, temperature, and aerosols. / Behrendt, Andreas; Wagner, Gerd; Petrova, Anna; Shiler, Max; Pal, Sandip; Schaberl, Thorsten; Wulfmeyer, Volker.

In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 5653, 36, 20.06.2005, p. 220-227.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modular lidar systems for high-resolution 4-dimensional measurements of water vapor, temperature, and aerosols

AU - Behrendt, Andreas

AU - Wagner, Gerd

AU - Petrova, Anna

AU - Shiler, Max

AU - Pal, Sandip

AU - Schaberl, Thorsten

AU - Wulfmeyer, Volker

PY - 2005/6/20

Y1 - 2005/6/20

N2 - Three lidar systems are currently in development at University of Hohenheim. A water vapor lidar based on the differential absorption lidar (DIAL) technology working near 815 or 935 nm, a temperature and aerosol lidar employing the rotational Raman technique at 355 nm, and an aerosol lidar working with eye-safe laser radiation near 1.5 μm. The transmitters of these three systems are based on an injection-seeded, diode laser pumped Nd: YAG laser with an average power of 100 W at 1064 nm and a repetition rate of 250 Hz. This laser emits a nearly Gaussian-shaped beam which permits frequency-doubling and tripling with high efficiencies. The frequency-doubled 532-nm radiation is employed for pumping a Ti:Sapphire ring-resonator which will be used for DIAL water vapor measurements. In a second branch, a Cr4+:YAG crystal is pumped with the 1064-nm radiation to reach 1400 to 1500 nm for eye-safe monitoring of aerosol particles and clouds. The 532 and 1064 nm radiation are also used for backscatter lidar observations. Frequency tripling gives 355-nm radiation for measurements of temperature with the rotational Raman technique and particle extinction and particle backscattering coefficients in the UV. High transmitter power and effective use of the received signals will allow scanning operation of these three lidar systems. The lidar transmitters and detectors are designed as modules which can be combined for simultaneous measurements with one scanning telescope unit in a ground-based mobile container. Alternatively, they can be connected to different Nd:YAG pump lasers and to telescope units on separate platforms.

AB - Three lidar systems are currently in development at University of Hohenheim. A water vapor lidar based on the differential absorption lidar (DIAL) technology working near 815 or 935 nm, a temperature and aerosol lidar employing the rotational Raman technique at 355 nm, and an aerosol lidar working with eye-safe laser radiation near 1.5 μm. The transmitters of these three systems are based on an injection-seeded, diode laser pumped Nd: YAG laser with an average power of 100 W at 1064 nm and a repetition rate of 250 Hz. This laser emits a nearly Gaussian-shaped beam which permits frequency-doubling and tripling with high efficiencies. The frequency-doubled 532-nm radiation is employed for pumping a Ti:Sapphire ring-resonator which will be used for DIAL water vapor measurements. In a second branch, a Cr4+:YAG crystal is pumped with the 1064-nm radiation to reach 1400 to 1500 nm for eye-safe monitoring of aerosol particles and clouds. The 532 and 1064 nm radiation are also used for backscatter lidar observations. Frequency tripling gives 355-nm radiation for measurements of temperature with the rotational Raman technique and particle extinction and particle backscattering coefficients in the UV. High transmitter power and effective use of the received signals will allow scanning operation of these three lidar systems. The lidar transmitters and detectors are designed as modules which can be combined for simultaneous measurements with one scanning telescope unit in a ground-based mobile container. Alternatively, they can be connected to different Nd:YAG pump lasers and to telescope units on separate platforms.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=20344392455&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=20344392455&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.579139

DO - 10.1117/12.579139

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:20344392455

VL - 5653

SP - 220

EP - 227

JO - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

JF - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

SN - 0277-786X

M1 - 36

ER -