Modulation of growth of human prostate cancer cells by the N-acetylcysteine conjugate of phenethyl isothiocyanate.

J. W. Chiao, F. Chung, J. Krzeminski, S. Amin, R. Arshad, T. Ahmed, C. C. Conaway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is growing evidence that thiol conjugates of isothiocyanates present in cruciferous vegetables are effective cancer chemopreventive and potentially active therapeutic agents. The effects of the N-acetylcysteine conjugate of phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC-NAC) on tumor cell growth were analyzed in human prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP, androgen-dependent, and DU-145, androgen-independent. Exposure of the cells to PEITC-NAC at high concentrations caused cytolysis, while at lower concentrations PEITC-NAC mediated a dose-dependent growth modulation, with reduction of DNA synthesis and growth rate, inhibition of clonogenicity and induction of apoptosis in both types of prostate cancer cells. PEITC-NAC decreased cells in S and G2M phases of cell cycle, blocking cells entering replicating phases. In parallel, a significant enhancement of cells expressing the cell cycle regulator p21 as well as its intensity was determined using a fluorescent antibody technique. The action of PEITC-NAC was time-dependent, with the magnitude of inhibition increasing to 50-65% after PEITC-NAC exposure for several days. Interaction of tumor cells with dissociation products of PEITC-NAC, PEITC and NAC, are proposed as the mechanism of growth regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1215-1219
Number of pages5
JournalInternational journal of oncology
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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