Modulation of translation initiation in rat skeletal muscle and liver in response to food intake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Protein synthesis is altered in both skeletal muscle and liver in response to nutritional status with food deprivation being associated with an inhibition of mRNA translation. In the present study, the effect of food-intake on the initiation of mRNA translation was examined in rats fasted for 18-h and then refed a complete diet. Fasting and refeeding caused alterations in translation initiation in both skeletal muscle and liver that were not associated with any detectable changes in the activity of eIF2B or in the phosphorylation state of eIF2α. Instead, alterations in initiation were associated with changes in the phosphorylation state of eIF4E and/or the association of eIF4E with eIF4G as well as the eIF4E binding protein, 4E-BP1. In muscle from fasted rats, the amount of eIF4E present in an inactive complex with 4E-BP1 was increased 5-fold compared to freely fed control animals. One hour after refeeding a complete diet, the amount of 4E-BP1 bound to eIF4E was reduced to freely fed control values. Reduced association of the two proteins was the result of increased phosphorylation of 4E-BP1. Refeeding a complete diet also stimulated the binding of eIF4E to eIF4G to form the active eIF4F complex. In liver, the amount of eIF4E associated with eIF4G, but not the amount of eIF4E associated with 4E-BP1, was altered by fasting and refeeding. Furthermore, in liver, but not in skeletal muscle, fasting and refeeding resulted in modulation of the phosphorylation state of eIF4E. Overall, the results suggest that protein synthesis may be differentially regulated in muscle and liver in response to fasting and refeeding. In muscle, protein synthesis is regulated through modulation of the binding of eIF4E to eIF4G and in liver through modulation of both phosphorylation of eIF4E as well as binding of eIF4E to eIF4G.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)825-831
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume240
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 26 1997

Fingerprint

Phosphorylation
Liver
Muscle
Rats
Skeletal Muscle
Eating
Modulation
Fasting
Nutrition
Protein Biosynthesis
Diet
Muscles
Proteins
Association reactions
Food Deprivation
Messenger RNA
Muscle Proteins
Nutritional Status
Carrier Proteins
Animals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

@article{bd2b5a7ba0794b4d9b247d8fae9398a4,
title = "Modulation of translation initiation in rat skeletal muscle and liver in response to food intake",
abstract = "Protein synthesis is altered in both skeletal muscle and liver in response to nutritional status with food deprivation being associated with an inhibition of mRNA translation. In the present study, the effect of food-intake on the initiation of mRNA translation was examined in rats fasted for 18-h and then refed a complete diet. Fasting and refeeding caused alterations in translation initiation in both skeletal muscle and liver that were not associated with any detectable changes in the activity of eIF2B or in the phosphorylation state of eIF2α. Instead, alterations in initiation were associated with changes in the phosphorylation state of eIF4E and/or the association of eIF4E with eIF4G as well as the eIF4E binding protein, 4E-BP1. In muscle from fasted rats, the amount of eIF4E present in an inactive complex with 4E-BP1 was increased 5-fold compared to freely fed control animals. One hour after refeeding a complete diet, the amount of 4E-BP1 bound to eIF4E was reduced to freely fed control values. Reduced association of the two proteins was the result of increased phosphorylation of 4E-BP1. Refeeding a complete diet also stimulated the binding of eIF4E to eIF4G to form the active eIF4F complex. In liver, the amount of eIF4E associated with eIF4G, but not the amount of eIF4E associated with 4E-BP1, was altered by fasting and refeeding. Furthermore, in liver, but not in skeletal muscle, fasting and refeeding resulted in modulation of the phosphorylation state of eIF4E. Overall, the results suggest that protein synthesis may be differentially regulated in muscle and liver in response to fasting and refeeding. In muscle, protein synthesis is regulated through modulation of the binding of eIF4E to eIF4G and in liver through modulation of both phosphorylation of eIF4E as well as binding of eIF4E to eIF4G.",
author = "Fumiaki Yoshizawa and Scot Kimball and Jefferson, {Leonard {"}Jim{"}}",
year = "1997",
month = "11",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1006/bbrc.1997.7652",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "240",
pages = "825--831",
journal = "Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications",
issn = "0006-291X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modulation of translation initiation in rat skeletal muscle and liver in response to food intake

AU - Yoshizawa, Fumiaki

AU - Kimball, Scot

AU - Jefferson, Leonard "Jim"

PY - 1997/11/26

Y1 - 1997/11/26

N2 - Protein synthesis is altered in both skeletal muscle and liver in response to nutritional status with food deprivation being associated with an inhibition of mRNA translation. In the present study, the effect of food-intake on the initiation of mRNA translation was examined in rats fasted for 18-h and then refed a complete diet. Fasting and refeeding caused alterations in translation initiation in both skeletal muscle and liver that were not associated with any detectable changes in the activity of eIF2B or in the phosphorylation state of eIF2α. Instead, alterations in initiation were associated with changes in the phosphorylation state of eIF4E and/or the association of eIF4E with eIF4G as well as the eIF4E binding protein, 4E-BP1. In muscle from fasted rats, the amount of eIF4E present in an inactive complex with 4E-BP1 was increased 5-fold compared to freely fed control animals. One hour after refeeding a complete diet, the amount of 4E-BP1 bound to eIF4E was reduced to freely fed control values. Reduced association of the two proteins was the result of increased phosphorylation of 4E-BP1. Refeeding a complete diet also stimulated the binding of eIF4E to eIF4G to form the active eIF4F complex. In liver, the amount of eIF4E associated with eIF4G, but not the amount of eIF4E associated with 4E-BP1, was altered by fasting and refeeding. Furthermore, in liver, but not in skeletal muscle, fasting and refeeding resulted in modulation of the phosphorylation state of eIF4E. Overall, the results suggest that protein synthesis may be differentially regulated in muscle and liver in response to fasting and refeeding. In muscle, protein synthesis is regulated through modulation of the binding of eIF4E to eIF4G and in liver through modulation of both phosphorylation of eIF4E as well as binding of eIF4E to eIF4G.

AB - Protein synthesis is altered in both skeletal muscle and liver in response to nutritional status with food deprivation being associated with an inhibition of mRNA translation. In the present study, the effect of food-intake on the initiation of mRNA translation was examined in rats fasted for 18-h and then refed a complete diet. Fasting and refeeding caused alterations in translation initiation in both skeletal muscle and liver that were not associated with any detectable changes in the activity of eIF2B or in the phosphorylation state of eIF2α. Instead, alterations in initiation were associated with changes in the phosphorylation state of eIF4E and/or the association of eIF4E with eIF4G as well as the eIF4E binding protein, 4E-BP1. In muscle from fasted rats, the amount of eIF4E present in an inactive complex with 4E-BP1 was increased 5-fold compared to freely fed control animals. One hour after refeeding a complete diet, the amount of 4E-BP1 bound to eIF4E was reduced to freely fed control values. Reduced association of the two proteins was the result of increased phosphorylation of 4E-BP1. Refeeding a complete diet also stimulated the binding of eIF4E to eIF4G to form the active eIF4F complex. In liver, the amount of eIF4E associated with eIF4G, but not the amount of eIF4E associated with 4E-BP1, was altered by fasting and refeeding. Furthermore, in liver, but not in skeletal muscle, fasting and refeeding resulted in modulation of the phosphorylation state of eIF4E. Overall, the results suggest that protein synthesis may be differentially regulated in muscle and liver in response to fasting and refeeding. In muscle, protein synthesis is regulated through modulation of the binding of eIF4E to eIF4G and in liver through modulation of both phosphorylation of eIF4E as well as binding of eIF4E to eIF4G.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031587385&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031587385&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1006/bbrc.1997.7652

DO - 10.1006/bbrc.1997.7652

M3 - Article

C2 - 9398653

AN - SCOPUS:0031587385

VL - 240

SP - 825

EP - 831

JO - Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

JF - Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

SN - 0006-291X

IS - 3

ER -