Abstract

“Follicular variant” papillary thyroid carcinomas (FV-PTC) that do not histologically invade have a miniscule risk of metastasis, and thus been reclassified as a tumor of low malignant potential, the non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). There are few molecular studies of this tumor type. We performed gene expression analysis, by RNA sequencing, on a series of FV-PTCs, NIFTPs, and follicular adenomas. A training set comprised tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) repository (n = 46), digital slides from which were reviewed and classified as invasive or non-invasive FV-PTC. A validation set comprised in-house NIFTPs, invasive FV-PTCs, and follicular adenomas (n = 26). In the training set, unsupervised clustering separated tumors into three distinct expression subtypes, which associated with invasion and characteristic molecular alterations. Specifically, the “BRAF-like” subtype was enriched in invasive FV-PTCs and tumors with BRAF V600E mutations. The “THADA-like” subtype was enriched in non-invasive tumors and those with rearrangements involving THADA. The “RAS-family-like” subtype included many invasive and non-invasive FV-PTCs and was enriched in tumors with mutations in RAS family genes. In the validation set, nearest centroid analysis classified all invasive FV-PTCs as “BRAF-like” and all follicular adenomas as either “RAS-like” or “THADA-like.” NIFTPs were the most molecularly diverse histologic type, with cases classified as “BRAF-like,” “THADA-like,” and “RAS-family-like.” In conclusion, tumors fitting criteria for NIFTP are molecularly diverse, making it difficult to diagnose them with molecular studies, likely including matrial from cytopathology samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-351
Number of pages11
JournalVirchows Archiv
Volume474
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 11 2019

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Thyroid Neoplasms
Factor IX
Neoplasms
Adenoma
RNA Sequence Analysis
Mutation
Atlases
Cluster Analysis
Genome
Neoplasm Metastasis
Gene Expression
Genes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

@article{d2db919d6130488b999982a2cddc5e1e,
title = "Molecular characterization of tumors meeting diagnostic criteria for the non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP)",
abstract = "“Follicular variant” papillary thyroid carcinomas (FV-PTC) that do not histologically invade have a miniscule risk of metastasis, and thus been reclassified as a tumor of low malignant potential, the non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). There are few molecular studies of this tumor type. We performed gene expression analysis, by RNA sequencing, on a series of FV-PTCs, NIFTPs, and follicular adenomas. A training set comprised tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) repository (n = 46), digital slides from which were reviewed and classified as invasive or non-invasive FV-PTC. A validation set comprised in-house NIFTPs, invasive FV-PTCs, and follicular adenomas (n = 26). In the training set, unsupervised clustering separated tumors into three distinct expression subtypes, which associated with invasion and characteristic molecular alterations. Specifically, the “BRAF-like” subtype was enriched in invasive FV-PTCs and tumors with BRAF V600E mutations. The “THADA-like” subtype was enriched in non-invasive tumors and those with rearrangements involving THADA. The “RAS-family-like” subtype included many invasive and non-invasive FV-PTCs and was enriched in tumors with mutations in RAS family genes. In the validation set, nearest centroid analysis classified all invasive FV-PTCs as “BRAF-like” and all follicular adenomas as either “RAS-like” or “THADA-like.” NIFTPs were the most molecularly diverse histologic type, with cases classified as “BRAF-like,” “THADA-like,” and “RAS-family-like.” In conclusion, tumors fitting criteria for NIFTP are molecularly diverse, making it difficult to diagnose them with molecular studies, likely including matrial from cytopathology samples.",
author = "Christopher Pool and Vonn Walter and Darrin Bann and David Goldenberg and James Broach and Max Hennessy and Elizabeth Cottrill and Erik Washburn and Nicole Williams and Henry Crist and Yuka Imamura and Joshua Warrick",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1007/s00428-018-02512-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "474",
pages = "341--351",
journal = "Virchows Archiv",
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T1 - Molecular characterization of tumors meeting diagnostic criteria for the non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP)

AU - Pool, Christopher

AU - Walter, Vonn

AU - Bann, Darrin

AU - Goldenberg, David

AU - Broach, James

AU - Hennessy, Max

AU - Cottrill, Elizabeth

AU - Washburn, Erik

AU - Williams, Nicole

AU - Crist, Henry

AU - Imamura, Yuka

AU - Warrick, Joshua

PY - 2019/3/11

Y1 - 2019/3/11

N2 - “Follicular variant” papillary thyroid carcinomas (FV-PTC) that do not histologically invade have a miniscule risk of metastasis, and thus been reclassified as a tumor of low malignant potential, the non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). There are few molecular studies of this tumor type. We performed gene expression analysis, by RNA sequencing, on a series of FV-PTCs, NIFTPs, and follicular adenomas. A training set comprised tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) repository (n = 46), digital slides from which were reviewed and classified as invasive or non-invasive FV-PTC. A validation set comprised in-house NIFTPs, invasive FV-PTCs, and follicular adenomas (n = 26). In the training set, unsupervised clustering separated tumors into three distinct expression subtypes, which associated with invasion and characteristic molecular alterations. Specifically, the “BRAF-like” subtype was enriched in invasive FV-PTCs and tumors with BRAF V600E mutations. The “THADA-like” subtype was enriched in non-invasive tumors and those with rearrangements involving THADA. The “RAS-family-like” subtype included many invasive and non-invasive FV-PTCs and was enriched in tumors with mutations in RAS family genes. In the validation set, nearest centroid analysis classified all invasive FV-PTCs as “BRAF-like” and all follicular adenomas as either “RAS-like” or “THADA-like.” NIFTPs were the most molecularly diverse histologic type, with cases classified as “BRAF-like,” “THADA-like,” and “RAS-family-like.” In conclusion, tumors fitting criteria for NIFTP are molecularly diverse, making it difficult to diagnose them with molecular studies, likely including matrial from cytopathology samples.

AB - “Follicular variant” papillary thyroid carcinomas (FV-PTC) that do not histologically invade have a miniscule risk of metastasis, and thus been reclassified as a tumor of low malignant potential, the non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). There are few molecular studies of this tumor type. We performed gene expression analysis, by RNA sequencing, on a series of FV-PTCs, NIFTPs, and follicular adenomas. A training set comprised tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) repository (n = 46), digital slides from which were reviewed and classified as invasive or non-invasive FV-PTC. A validation set comprised in-house NIFTPs, invasive FV-PTCs, and follicular adenomas (n = 26). In the training set, unsupervised clustering separated tumors into three distinct expression subtypes, which associated with invasion and characteristic molecular alterations. Specifically, the “BRAF-like” subtype was enriched in invasive FV-PTCs and tumors with BRAF V600E mutations. The “THADA-like” subtype was enriched in non-invasive tumors and those with rearrangements involving THADA. The “RAS-family-like” subtype included many invasive and non-invasive FV-PTCs and was enriched in tumors with mutations in RAS family genes. In the validation set, nearest centroid analysis classified all invasive FV-PTCs as “BRAF-like” and all follicular adenomas as either “RAS-like” or “THADA-like.” NIFTPs were the most molecularly diverse histologic type, with cases classified as “BRAF-like,” “THADA-like,” and “RAS-family-like.” In conclusion, tumors fitting criteria for NIFTP are molecularly diverse, making it difficult to diagnose them with molecular studies, likely including matrial from cytopathology samples.

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