We have used molecular and biochemical techniques to analyze Na,K-ATPase from a simple metazoan, Hydra vulgaris. First we isolated and characterized cDNA clones encoding the Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit from a Hydra lambda gt11 cDNA library. The open reading frame predicts a protein of 1031 amino acids that bears a high degree of primary sequence and secondary structure similarity to mammalian, avian, and arthropod alpha subunits. The predicted Hydra alpha subunit contains charged residues at the termini of the H1-H2 extracellular domain, suggesting that the Hydra alpha subunit may be resistant to cardiac glycoside inhibition. Biochemical analysis of partially purified Hydra Na,K-ATPase reveals both high- and low-affinity components of ouabain-inhibitable ATPase activity. Our results suggest that the evolutionary ancestor of all metazoans possessed a Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit that was highly conserved with respect to its vertebrate counterparts. Further, expression of a ouabain-resistant Na,K-ATPase activity in Hydra suggests that cardiac glycoside resistance arose randomly during evolution of the Na,K-ATPase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||The New biologist|
|State||Published - Apr 1992|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)