The psaA and psaB genes, which encode the P700 chlorophyll a apoproteins of the Photosystem I complex, have been cloned from the unicellular, transformable cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002. The nucleotide sequence of these genes and of their flanking sequences have been determined by the chain termination method. As found in the chloroplast genomes of higher plants, the psaA gene lies 5′ to the psaB gene; however, the cyanobacterial genes are separated by a greater distance (173 vs. 25-26 bp). The psaA gene is predicted to encode a polypeptide of 739 amino acid residues (81.7 kDa), and the psaB gene is predicted to encode a polypeptide of 733 residues (81.4 kDa). The cyanobacterial psa gene products are 76% to 81% identical to their higher plant homologues; moreover, because of conservative amino acid replacements, the cyanobacterial sequences are more than 95% homologous to those determined for higher plants. These results provide the basis for a genetic analysis of Photosystem I, and are discussed in relationship to structural and functional aspects of the Photosystem I complexes of both cyanobacteria and higher plants.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Plant Science