Molecular dynamics of segmented polyurethane copolymers: Influence of soft segment composition

Daniel Fragiadakis, James Runt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy was used to investigate the molecular dynamics of model segmented polyurethane copolymers having identical hard segments and hard segment weight fractions, but with four different soft segment chemistries of particular interest in biomedical devices. All soft segments have molecular weight ∼1000 g/mol and are composed of either tetramethylene oxide, hexamethylene oxide, aliphatic carbonate, or dimethylsiloxane (PDMS) segments. These microphase-separated materials exhibit rich dielectric relaxation behavior: up to two relaxations in the glassy state, a segmental α relaxation (two for the polymer with predominately PDMS soft segments), and three slower relaxations. The slowest process arises from interfacial (MWS) polarization, and its strength decreases significantly with increasing temperature (over a few tens of degrees) and disappears at a temperature similar to that at which the small-angle X-ray scattering from the phase-separated microstructure disappears.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4184-4190
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecules
Volume46
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 28 2013

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Polyurethanes
Dielectric relaxation
Oxides
Molecular dynamics
Copolymers
Dimethylpolysiloxanes
Carbonates
X ray scattering
Chemical analysis
Polymers
Molecular weight
Spectroscopy
Polarization
Temperature
Microstructure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Fragiadakis, Daniel ; Runt, James. / Molecular dynamics of segmented polyurethane copolymers : Influence of soft segment composition. In: Macromolecules. 2013 ; Vol. 46, No. 10. pp. 4184-4190.
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Molecular dynamics of segmented polyurethane copolymers : Influence of soft segment composition. / Fragiadakis, Daniel; Runt, James.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 46, No. 10, 28.05.2013, p. 4184-4190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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