Molecular Level Ceramic/Polymer Composites. 2. Synthesis of Polymer-Trapped Silica and Titania Nanoclusters

Manish Nandi, Jeanine A. Conklin, Ayusman Sen, Lawrence Salvati

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255 Scopus citations

Abstract

The concept of “site isolation” was used to synthesize SiO2 and TiO2 nanoclusters trapped in polyimide matrices. M(OEt)4 (M = Si, Ti) was added to polyamic solutions derived from 4, 4′-oxydianiline and either 1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid dianhydride or 3, 3′,4,4′-benzophenonetetracarboxylic acid dianhydride. Following thermal curing, polyimide films containing a homogeneous dispersion of SiO2 or TiO2 particles were obtained. Oxide nanoclusters (size <1-1.5 nm) were present in polyimide films containing 12% TiO2 and up to 32% SiO2. However, 1-μm particles were present at 42% SiO2 content. Two-micrometer particles were formed even in 12% SiO2 containing films when poly(diethoxysiloxane), rather than Si(OEt)4, was used as the oxide precursor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-206
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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