Eight major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II loci and the newly defined Y3/Ring 4 locus were isolated in overlapping yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones defining a 420-kb segment of human chromosome 6p21.3. YAC B1D12 spanning 320 kb contained seven of these loci from HLA-DRA to HLA-DQB2. A 330-kb YAC, A148A7, spanned from the HLA-DQA1 locus through the Y3/Ring 4 locus and extended at least 130 kb centromeric of YAC B1D12. Southern blotting demonstrated that YAC B1D12 derived from the HLA-DR3 haplotype and that YAC A148A7 derived from the HLA-DR7 haplotype of the heterozygous library donor. A third 150-kb YAC, A95C5, lay within this contig and contained only the HLA-DRA locus. A fourth 300-kb YAC, A76F11, was isolated by chromosome walking from the telomeric end of YAC B1D12. Probes isolated from the ends of the YAC genomic inserts have been used to confirm overlaps between the clones. These analyses demonstrated that the centromeric end of YAC A76F11 used the same genomic EcoRI cloning site as the telomeric end of YAC A95C5. YAC B1D12 used an EcoRI site only 2.1 kb telomeric of the aforementioned EcoRI site. These data suggest that certain EcoRI sites are used preferentially during construction of the library. These YACs complete the linkage of the DR and DQ subregions of the HLA complex in cloned DNA and provide the substrate for precise analysis of this portion of the class II region.
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