Molecular motion of phosphazene-bound nonlinear optical chromophores

Harry R. Allcock, Charles G. Cameron, Timothy W. Skloss, Sharon Taylor-Meyers, James F. Haw

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The behavior of nonlinear optical (NLO) groups linked to a polyphosphazene chain was studied by solid-state NMR spectroscopy. A series of poly(organophosphazenes) was prepared with the general structure [NP(RN(CH 3 )C 6 H 4 NO 2 ) x {O(CH 2 CH 2 O) 2 CH 3 } 2-x ] n , where x < 0.5 and the spacer group R = O(CH 2 ) 2 , O(CH 2 ) 6 , or OCH 2 ( 2 -pyrrolidino), in addition to the stilbene-containing polyphosphazene [NP{O(CH 2 ) 2 N(CH 3 )C 6 H 4 CH=CHC 6 H 4 NO 2 } 0.4 {O(CH 2 CH 2 O) 2 CH 3 } 1.6 ] n . Structural characterization for the above polymers was achieved by 31 P NMR spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and elemental microanalysis. (Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy (MEE) cosubstituent poly(organophosphazenes) bearing O(CH 2 ) 2 N(CH 3 )C 6 H 4 NO 2 and O(CH 2 ) 6 N(CH 3 )C 6 H 4 NO 2 side groups were selected for study by room-temperature and variable-temperature solid-state 31 P and 13 C NMR spectroscopy. The variable-temperature solid-state 13 C NMR spectra indicated that the use of a longer spacer group between the polymer backbone and the aromatic portion of the NLO side group lowers the temperature at which chromophore motion is quenched. This implied that the use of such structures may accelerate the randomization of NLO side group orientation at ambient temperatures following poling. This behavior was mirrored in the solid-state variable-temperature 31 P NMR spectra, which suggested that side chain and polymer backbone motion may be coupled.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalMacromolecules
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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