Properties of single- and two-point moment generating functions (MGFs) are examined in the inertial region of wall-bounded flows. Empirical evidence for power-law scaling of the single-point MGF 〈exp(qu+)〉 (where u+ is the normalized streamwise velocity fluctuation and q a real parameter) with respect to the wall-normal distance is presented, based on hot-wire data from a Reτ = 13 000 boundary-layer experiment. The parameter q serves as a 'dial' to emphasize different parts of the signal such as high- and low-speed regions, for positive and negative values of q, respectively. Power-law scaling 〈exp(qu+)〉 ∼ (z/δ)-τ(q) can be related to the generalized logarithmic laws previously observed in higher-order moments, such as in 〈u+2p〉1/p, but provide additional information not available through traditional moments if considering q values away from the origin. For two-point MGFs, the scalings in 〈exp[qu+(x) + q′u+(x + r)]〉 with respect to z and streamwise displacement r in the logarithmic region are investigated. The special case q′ = -q is of particular interest, since this choice emphasizes rare events with high and low speeds at a distance r. Applying simple scaling arguments motivated by the attached eddy model, a 'scaling transition' is predicted to occur for q = qcr such that τ(qcr) + τ(-qcr) = 1, where τ(q) is the set of scaling exponents for single-point MGFs. This scaling transition is not visible to traditional central moments, but is indeed observed based on the experimental data, illustrating the capabilities of MGFs to provide new and statistically robust insights into turbulence structure and confirming essential ingredients of the attached eddy model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering