There are numerous clinical scenarios wherein a critically ill patient may present with neurologic dysfunction. In a general sense these scenarios often involve ischemia, trauma, or neuroexcitation. Each of these may include a period of decreased cerebral perfusion pressure, usually due to elevated intracranial pressure (ICP), eventually compromising cerebral blood flow sufficiently to produce permanent neuronal loss, infarction, and possibly brain death. Elevated ICP is thus a common pathway for neural demise and it may arise from a variety of causes, many of which may result in a neurosurgical procedure intended to ameliorate the impact or etiology of elevated ICP.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine