To develop a fluorescent bioprobe for high-contrast deep tissue fluorescence imaging, monochromatic 800 nm upconversion emissions based on NaYF4: Yb3+, Tm3+ upconversion nanoparticles are investigated. The ratio of I800 to I470, which is used to describe the monochromaticity, showing exponential growth with the increase of Tm3+ doping concentration in NaYF4: Yb3+, Tm3+ nanoparticles, can reach as high as 757 at 4% Tm3+. At such a doping level, the absolute quantum efficiency can reach 3.9 × 10-3 as measured by a calibrated integrating sphere, which is sufficient for fluorescence imaging. High-contrast fluorescence phantom imaging was obtained by adjusting monochromaticity of 800 nm upconversion emission under the excitation of a 980 nm diode laser.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films