Moringa oleifera f-sand Filters for Sustainable Water Purification

Boya Xiong, Bethany Piechowicz, Ziyuhan Wang, Rose Marinaro, Emma Clement, Taylor Carlin, Adam Uliana, Manish Kumar, Stephanie Butler Velegol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to determine parameters for the design of a Moringa seed sand filter for water purification. Moringa oleifera seeds containing cationic antimicrobial proteins have been used as natural coagulants for the removal of turbidity; however, a low removal efficiency and high residual organic levels limit their applications. In this work, Moringa seed extracts were used to reverse the charge of sand (f-sand) to 10 mV at a seed dosage of 5.6 g of seeds/m2 of sand. This f-sand filter demonstrated ∼4 log removal of 1 μm polystyrene particles and >8 log removal of Escherichia coli compared to <0.1 log removal for bare sand. Enhanced removal for particles and E. coli was dominated by attractive electrostatic interactions. Clean bed filtration modeling predicts a sticking coefficient (α) of 0.8 for f-sand compared to a value of 0.01 for bare sand. This α was further validated under a wide range of filtration conditions. Preliminary scale-up analyses suggest a point-of-use f-sand filter that requires a very small amount of seeds annually. The outcome of this work presents the scientific basis for the design of a water purification solution for developing regions, requiring only locally available resources and no use of synthetic chemicals or electricity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-42
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology Letters
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 9 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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